Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
U+5149, 光
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5149

[U+5148]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+514A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 火一山 (FMU), four-corner 90211, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 124, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1350
  • Dae Jaweon: page 262, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 266, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5149

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
光-oracle.svg 光-bronze.svg 光-silk.svg 光-seal.svg 光-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷaːŋ, *kʷaːŋs
*kʷaːŋ
*kʷaːŋ, *qʷaːŋ
*kʷaːŋ, *kʷaːŋs
*kʷaːŋ
*kʷaːŋ
*kʷaːŋ
*kʷaːŋ, *qʰʷaːŋʔ
*kʷaːŋ
*kʷaːŋ, *kʷraːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋʔ
*ɡʷaːŋʔ
*ɡʷaːŋʔ
*ɡʷaːŋʔ
*kʷraːŋ
*kʷeːŋ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (fire) +  (kneeling person) – fire over a person's head, emphasizing the shining of light (Shuowen).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • kng/kuiⁿ - vernacular;
  • kong - literary.
Note:
  • geng1 - vernacular;
  • guang1 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /kuaŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kuɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /kuaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /kuaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kuaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /kuaŋ²¹/ ~頭
/kuaŋ²⁴/ 副詞
Xining /kuɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kuɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kuɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /kuɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kuaŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kuaŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kuaŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /kuã̠/
Nanjing /kuaŋ³¹/
Hefei /kuɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kuɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /kuɑŋ¹³/
/kuə¹³/ ~油油
Hohhot /kuɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kuɑ̃⁵³/
Suzhou /kuɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kuɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /kuɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /ko³¹/
Tunxi /kau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kaun³³/
Xiangtan /kɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /kuɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kuoŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /koŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /kɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kwɔŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔŋ⁵⁵/
/kŋ̍⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kuaŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuaŋ³³/
/kɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kuaŋ²³/
/kui²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (102)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kwɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaŋ/
Li
Rong
/kuɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/kuɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwang ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʷˤaŋ/
English light, brightness

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 4506
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷaːŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. light; beam; ray (Classifier: m;  m)
  2. glory; pride
    台灣 / 台湾  ―  Táiwān zhī guāng  ―  the pride of Taiwan; someone who has brought glory to Taiwan
  3. bright
    Antonyms: (àn)
  4. shiny
  5. to make bare
  6. only
  7. Particle used after verbs to show exhaustion or completion. until none is left
    /   ―  mài guāng le  ―  completely sold out

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (102)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kwɑŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaŋH/
Li
Rong
/kuɑŋH/
Wang
Li
/kuɑŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwɑŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guàng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4517
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷaːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to color

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひかり
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

⟨pi1kari⟩/pikari//fikari//hikari/

From Old Japanese.

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 光る (hikaru, to shine, to glitter, to gleam).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひかり, rōmaji hikari)

  1. a physically perceived light: a light, a gleam, shining, glittering
    ダイヤモンドの (ひかり)
    daiyamondo no hikari
    a diamond's glitter / shine / twinkling
  2. a metaphorical light: glory, a glimmer, a gleam
    • 2007 October 20, Hiroshi, Izawa; Kotaro, Yamada, “さいしゅう それぞれのみち [Final Chapter: Epilog]”, in ファイアーエムブレム 覇者の剣 [Fire Emblem: Sword of Champions], volume 5 (fiction, in Japanese), Jump Remix edition, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, page 353:
      タニアの (ひかり)ティーナ
      Tania no Hikari Tīna
      Tina, Light of Tania
     (ぜん) () (ひかり) (うしな)
    zento ni hikari o ushinau
    to lose light regarding the future → future prospects grow dim
    解決 (かいけつ)への (みち) (ひかり) ()げかける
    kaiketsu e no michi ni hikari o nagekakeru
    to shed light on the way to a solution
  3. (in compounds) optics
     (ひかり)ファイバー
    hikari faibā
    optical fiber

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ひかり, rōmaji Hikari)

  1. a place name, such as that of Hikari City in Yamaguchi Prefecture
  2. one of the bullet train services running on the Tōkaido/Sanyō shinkansen
  3. a surname​.
  4. a female given name

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひかる
Grade: 2
Irregular

Nominalization of the verb 光る (hikaru, to shine, to glitter, to gleam).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
    • IPA(key): [çika̠ɾɯ̟ᵝ]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ひかる, rōmaji Hikaru)

  1. A male given name

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

/kwau//kwɔː//kɔː//koː/

From Middle Chinese (kwang, light, brightness). Compare modern Mandarin guāng and Hakka kông, Min Nan kong.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana こう, rōmaji , historical hiragana くわう)

  1. A male given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwang) (hangeul )

  1. light

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quang, cuông, quàng, quăng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.