lustre

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: lustré

English[edit]

Metallic lustre of hematite
Vitreous lustre of amethyst
Chandelier decorated with glass lustres dangling below

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlʌstə/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French lustre. See luster (etymology 1).

Noun[edit]

lustre (countable and uncountable, plural lustres)

  1. (British spelling) Alternative form of luster (shine, etc.)
  2. (geology) The way in which the surface of any particular type of mineral reflects light differently from other minerals, which is helpful in telling minerals apart.
    Various kinds of minerals differ in their lustre; iron pyrites are described as having a metallic lustre, glassy materials a vitreous lustre; others, such as opal, look resinous, and the lustres of yet others are described as being either pearly, or silky, or dull, like earth.
  3. A glass ornament such as a prism or cut glass dangling beneath a chandelier; usually in clusters or festoons
    • 2013, Shena Mackay, Redhill Rococo, →ISBN:
      ...he went out through the unfamiliar hall, setting the chandelier clashing its dusty lustres with his hand, leaving a prismatic jangle behind him in the empty house.
  4. (dated) A chandelier, particularly one decorated with glass lustres
    • 1838, John Henry Brady, A new pocket guide to London and its environs[1]:
      In the centre is painted an eagle, from whose beak an elegant glass lustre chandelier is suspended. There are also ten smaller chandeliers in different parts of the room.
    • 1889, Anonymous, The Journal of Gas Lighting, Water Supply & Sanitary Improvement[2]:
      On the ground floor, the library (a room in carved oak) is lighted by a lustre composed of twelve regenerative burners enclosed in tinted glasses.
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

lustre (third-person singular simple present lustres, present participle lustring, simple past and past participle lustred)

  1. (British spelling) Alternative form of luster
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin lustrum, q.v.

Noun[edit]

lustre (plural lustres)

  1. (British spelling) Alternative form of luster: A 5-year period, especially (historical) in Roman contexts.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lustrum. Doublet of llustre and llostre.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lustre m (plural lustres)

  1. lustrum (period of five years)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lūstrum (purification celebrated every few years; a period of five or four years).

Noun[edit]

lustre m (plural lustres)

  1. (literary) lustrum; period of five years
  2. (figuratively; chiefly in the plural) a very long time, an eternity
    Synonyms: éternité, (informal) plombes, (informal) belle lurette
    Ça fait des lustres que je ne t'ai pas vu !I haven't seen you in ages!
Usage notes[edit]
  • Larousse considers all senses of this word as literary[1], but only that of "five years" is marked as such by Le Robert[2] and Trésor[3].

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Italian lustro.

Noun[edit]

lustre m (plural lustres)

  1. lustre, chandelier
  2. gloss, shine, lustre
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Russian: лю́стра f (ljústra)
  • Polish: lustro n

References[edit]

  1. ^ lustre” in Dictionnaire Français en ligne Larousse.
  2. ^ lustre” in Dico en ligne Le Robert.
  3. ^ lustre”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.

Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lustre f pl

  1. feminine plural of lustro

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian lustro.

Noun[edit]

lustre m (plural lustres)

  1. lustre; shine

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt
lustre

Etymology[edit]

From French lustre.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Hyphenation: lus‧tre

Noun[edit]

lustre m (plural lustres)

  1. chandelier

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlustɾe/, [ˈlus.t̪ɾe]

Etymology 1[edit]

From either French lustre or Catalan llustre, from Italian lustro, derived from the verb lustrare. A French or Catalan intermediate is likely due to the change in the final vowel, typical of borrowings that are ultimately early Italianisms before the 16th century. Not attested in Old Spanish; first attested in Nebrija.

Noun[edit]

lustre m (plural lustres)

  1. lustre, shine
    el lustre de mis zapatos, del metal, de los minerales
    the shine of my shoes, of the metal, of minerals
    • 1495, Antonio de Nebrija, Vocabulario español-latino :
      Blanquear dando lustre. candifico .as.
      To whiten giving lustre: candificō, -ās.

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

lustre

  1. inflection of lustrar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]