lustre

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: lustré

English[edit]

Metallic lustre of hematite
Vitreous lustre of amethyst
Chandelier decorated with glass lustres dangling below

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlʌstə/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Middle French lustre. See luster (etymology 1).

Noun[edit]

lustre (countable and uncountable, plural lustres)

  1. (British spelling) Alternative form of luster (shine, etc.)
  2. (geology) the way in which the surface of any particular type of mineral reflects light differently from other minerals, which is helpful in telling minerals apart.
    Various kinds of minerals differ in their lustre; iron pyrites are described as having a metallic lustre, glassy materials a vitreous lustre; others, such as opal, look resinous, and the lustres of yet others are described as being either pearly, or silky, or dull, like earth.
  3. a glass ornament such as a prism or cut glass dangling beneath a chandelier; usually in clusters or festoons
    • 2013, Shena Mackay, Redhill Rococo, →ISBN:
      ...he went out through the unfamiliar hall, setting the chandelier clashing its dusty lustres with his hand, leaving a prismatic jangle behind him in the empty house.
  4. (dated) a chandelier, particularly one decorated with glass lustres
    • 1838, John Henry Brady, A new pocket guide to London and its environs[1]:
      In the centre is painted an eagle, from whose beak an elegant glass lustre chandelier is suspended. There are also ten smaller chandeliers in different parts of the room.
    • 1889, Anonymous, The Journal of Gas Lighting, Water Supply & Sanitary Improvement[2]:
      On the ground floor, the library (a room in carved oak) is lighted by a lustre composed of twelve regenerative burners enclosed in tinted glasses.
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

lustre (third-person singular simple present lustres, present participle lustring, simple past and past participle lustred)

  1. (British spelling) Alternative form of luster
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin lustrum. See luster (etymology 2)

Noun[edit]

lustre (plural lustres)

  1. (British spelling) Alternative form of luster (a lustrum)
Translations[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for lustre in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lustrum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lustre m (plural lustres)

  1. lustrum (period of five years)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lūstrum.

Noun[edit]

lustre m (plural lustres)

  1. lustrum; period of five years
  2. (figuratively) a very long time
    Ça fait des lustres que je ne t'ai pas vu !I haven't seen you in ages!

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Italian lustro.

Noun[edit]

lustre m (plural lustres)

  1. lustre, chandelier
  2. gloss, shine, lustre

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Russian: лю́стра f (ljústra)

Further reading[edit]


Interlingue[edit]

Noun[edit]

lustre (plural lustres)

  1. luster (light)
  2. polish
  3. (historical) lustrum

Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lustre f pl

  1. feminine plural of lustro

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian lustro.

Noun[edit]

lustre m (plural lustres)

  1. lustre; shine

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt
lustre

Etymology[edit]

From French lustre.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lustre m (plural lustres)

  1. chandelier

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlustɾe/, [ˈlust̪ɾe]

Noun[edit]

lustre m (plural lustres)

  1. lustre, shine

Verb[edit]

lustre

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of lustrar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of lustrar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of lustrar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of lustrar.

Further reading[edit]