- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡlɒs/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ɡlɔs/
- (cot–caught merger, Canada) IPA(key): /ɡlɑs/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɒs, -ɔːs
Probably from a North Germanic language, compare Icelandic glossi (“spark, flame”), glossa (“to flame”); or perhaps from dialectal Dutch gloos (“a glow, flare”), related to West Frisian gloeze (“a glow”), Middle Low German glȫsen (“to smoulder, glow”), German glosen (“to smoulder”); ultimately from Proto-Germanic *glus- (“to glow, shine”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰel- (“to flourish; be green or yellow”). More at glow.
- A surface shine or luster.
- (figuratively) A superficially or deceptively attractive appearance.
- 2013 September 7, Daniel Taylor, “Danny Welbeck leads England's rout of Moldova but hit by Ukraine ban”, in The Guardian:
- (transitive) To give a gloss or sheen to.
- (transitive) To make (something) attractive by deception
- 1722, Ambrose Philips, The Briton:
- You have the art to gloss the foulest cause.
- (intransitive) To become shiny.
- (transitive, idiomatic) Used in a phrasal verb: gloss over (“to cover up a mistake or crime, to treat something with less care than it deserves”).
gloss (plural glosses)
- (countable) A brief explanatory note or translation of a foreign, archaic, technical, difficult, complex, or uncommon expression, inserted after the original, in the margin of a document, or between lines of a text.
- 2021, Mary Wellesley, The Gilded Page: The Secret Lives of Medieval Manuscripts, page 9:
- He was a prolific annotator - writing around fifty thousand glosses in as many as twenty manuscripts.
- (countable) A glossary; a collection of such notes.
- (countable, obsolete) An expression requiring such explanatory treatment.
- (countable) An extensive commentary on some text.
- (countable, law, US) An interpretation by a court of a specific point within a statute or case law.
- 1979, American Bar Foundation., Annotated code of professional responsibility, page ix:
- This volume is thus not a narrowly defined treatment of the Code of Professional Responsibility but rather represents a "common law" gloss on it.
- 2007, Bruce R. Hopkins., The law of tax-exempt organizations., page 76:
- Judicial Gloss on Test [section title]
- gloss (material appearance) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- gloss (annotation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- “gloss”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- “gloss”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
- “gloss”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.
gloss m (uncountable)
- lip gloss (cosmetic product)