gloss

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: gloss- and gloss.

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably from a North Germanic language, compare Icelandic glossi (spark, flame), glossa (to flame); or perhaps from dialectal Dutch gloos (a glow, flare), related to West Frisian gloeze (a glow), Middle Low German glȫsen (to smoulder, glow), German glosen (to smoulder); ultimately from Proto-Germanic *glus- (to glow, shine), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰel- (to flourish; be green or yellow). More at glow.

Noun[edit]

gloss (usually uncountable, plural glosses)

  1. A surface shine or luster/lustre
  2. (figurative) A superficially or deceptively attractive appearance
    • (Can we date this quote by Goldsmith and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      To me more dear, congenial to my heart, / One native charm than all the gloss of art.
    • 2013, Daniel Taylor, Danny Welbeck leads England's rout of Moldova but hit by Ukraine ban (in The Guardian, 6 September 2013)[1]
      Hodgson may now have to bring in James Milner on the left and, on that basis, a certain amount of gloss was taken off a night on which Welbeck scored twice but barely celebrated either before leaving the pitch angrily complaining to the Slovakian referee.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

gloss (third-person singular simple present glosses, present participle glossing, simple past and past participle glossed)

  1. (transitive) To give a gloss or sheen to.
  2. (transitive) To make (something) attractive by deception
    • (Can we date this quote by Philips and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      You have the art to gloss the foulest cause.
  3. (intransitive) To become shiny.
  4. (transitive, idiomatic) Used in a phrasal verb: gloss over (to cover up a mistake or crime, to treat something with less care than it deserves).
Synonyms[edit]
  • (give a gloss or sheen to): polish, shine
  • (make (something) attractive by deception):
  • (become shiny):
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English glosse, glose, from Late Latin glossa (obsolete or foreign word requiring explanation), from Ancient Greek γλῶσσα (glôssa, language).

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

gloss (plural glosses)

  1. (countable) A brief explanatory note or translation of a foreign, archaic, technical, difficult, complex, or uncommon expression, inserted after the original, in the margin of a document, or between lines of a text.
  2. (countable) A glossary; a collection of such notes.
  3. (countable, obsolete) An expression requiring such explanatory treatment.
  4. (countable) An extensive commentary on some text.
  5. (countable) A brief explanation in speech or in a written work, including a synonym used with the intent of indicating the meaning of the word to which it is applied
  6. (countable, law, US) An interpretation by a court of specific point within a statute or case law
    • 2007 Bruce R. Hopkins. The law of tax-exempt organizations. page 76
      Judicial Gloss on Test [section title]
    • 1979 American Bar Foundation. Annotated code of professional responsibility. page ix
      This volume is thus not a narrowly defined treatment of the Code of Professional Responsibility but rather represents a "common law" gloss on it.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English glossen, glosen, from Old French gloser and Medieval Latin glossāre.

Verb[edit]

gloss (third-person singular simple present glosses, present participle glossing, simple past and past participle glossed)

  1. (transitive) To add a gloss to (a text).
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

gloss m (uncountable)

  1. lip gloss (cosmetic product)