lexicon

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See also: léxicon

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Through Middle French or directly from New Latin lexicon, from Byzantine Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, a lexicon, a dictionary), ellipsis from Ancient Greek λεξικὸν βιβλίον (lexikòn biblíon, literally a book of words), from λεξικός (lexikós, of words), from λέξις (léxis, a saying, speech, word), from λέγω (légō, to speak), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (to gather, collect).

Attested at least since 1583 (in William Fulke's A Defense of the Sincere and True Translations of the Holy Scriptures into the English tongue) in the sense 'a dictionary of a classical language'.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈlɛk.sɪ.kən/
  • (US) enPR: lĕ'ksĭkŏn, IPA(key): /ˈlɛk.sɪ.kɑn/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

lexicon (plural lexica or lexicons)

  1. The vocabulary of a language.
    Synonyms: word-hoard, word-stock
  2. (linguistics) A dictionary that includes or focuses on lexemes.
    Synonym: wordbook
  3. A dictionary of Classical Greek, Hebrew, Latin, or Aramaic.
  4. (programming) The lexicology of a programming language. (Usually called lexical structure.)
  5. (rare) Any dictionary.
  6. The vocabulary used by or known to an individual. (Also called lexical knowledge)
  7. A vocabulary specific to a certain subject.
    a baseball lexicon

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin lexicon, from Ancient Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, a lexicon), neuter of λεξικός (lexikós, of words).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: lexi‧con

Noun[edit]

lexicon n (plural lexicons or lexica, diminutive lexiconnetje n)

  1. (clarification of this definition is needed) lexicon

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Byzantine Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, a lexicon), which is an ellipsis from Ancient Greek λεξικὸν βιβλίον (lexikòn biblíon, literally a book of words), from λεξικός (lexikós, of words), from λέξις (léxis, a saying, speech, word), from λέγω (légō, to speak), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (to gather, collect).

Attested at least since Girolamo Aleandro's Lexicon graeco-latinum, multis et praeclaris additionibus locupletatum (1512).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lexicon n (genitive lexicī); second declension

  1. (New Latin) a dictionary, a lexicon

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter, Greek-type).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lexicon lexica
Genitive lexicī lexicōrum
Dative lexicō lexicīs
Accusative lexicon lexica
Ablative lexicō lexicīs
Vocative lexicon lexica

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: lexicon m
  • German: Lexikon, Lexicon
  • Middle French: lexicon m
    • French: lexique m
    • English: lexicon (possibly; or directly from Latin)

References[edit]