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Aramaic (plural Aramaics)
- A subfamily of languages in the Northwest Semitic language group including (but not limited to):
- The language of the Aramaeans from the tenth century BC: often called Old Aramaic.
- The language of the administration in the Assyrian, Babylonian and Persian empires from the seventh to fourth centuries BC: often called Imperial Aramaic or Official Aramaic.
- The language of portions of the Hebrew Bible, mainly the books of Ezra and Daniel: often called Biblical Aramaic.
- The language of Jesus of Nazareth: a form of Jewish Palestinian Aramaic or Galilean Aramaic.
- The language of Jewish targums, Midrash and the Talmuds, Jewish Babylonian Aramaic.
- The liturgical language of various Christian churches: often called Syriac.
- The liturgical language of the Mandaeans: usually called Mandaic.
- Any language of this family today called Neo-Aramaic, and separated by religion also Judeo-Aramaic and Syriac
Aramaic (not comparable)
pertaining to the language, alphabet, culture or poetry
- Ethnologue entry for Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, aii
- Ethnologue entry for Bohtan Neo-Aramaic, bhn
- Ethnologue entry for Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic, bjf
- Ethnologue entry for Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, cld
- Ethnologue entry for Jewish Babylonian Aramaic, tmr
- Ethnologue entry for Western Neo-Aramaic, amw
- Ethnologue entry for Samaritan Aramaic, sam