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From Aram, the place settled by Aramaeans; from the Aramaic ארם‎,‎ ܐܪܡ(ʾarām).


  • IPA(key): /ˌæɹ.ə.ˈmei.ɪk/

Proper noun[edit]

Aramaic (plural Aramaics)

  1. A subfamily of languages in the Northwest Semitic language group including (but not limited to):
    1. The language of the Aramaeans from the tenth century BC: often called Old Aramaic.
    2. The language of the administration in the Assyrian, Babylonian and Persian empires from the seventh to fourth centuries BC: often called Imperial Aramaic or Official Aramaic.
    3. The language of portions of the Hebrew Bible, mainly the books of Ezra and Daniel: often called Biblical Aramaic.
    4. The language of Jesus of Nazareth: a form of Jewish Palestinian Aramaic or Galilean Aramaic.
    5. The language of Jewish targums, Midrash and the Talmuds, Jewish Babylonian Aramaic.
    6. The liturgical language of various Christian churches: often called Syriac.
    7. The liturgical language of the Mandaeans: usually called Mandaic.
    8. Any language of this family today called Neo-Aramaic, and separated by religion also Judeo-Aramaic and Syriac

Related terms[edit]



Aramaic (not comparable)

  1. Referring to the Aramaic language, alphabet, culture or poetry.


Further reading[edit]