слово

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *slȍvo (word).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сло́во (slóvon

  1. word
    Synonym: ду́ма (dúma)
  2. speech, oration
    Synonym: реч (reč)
  3. address (formal act of addressing one's self to a person, formal verbal application to any one, formal statement on some subject or special occasion)
    Synonym: обръще́ние (obrǎšténie)
  4. sermon
    Synonym: про́повед (própoved)

Declension[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *slȍvo (word).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈsɫɔvɔ]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

сло́во (slóvon

  1. (archaic) word
    Synonym: збор (zbor)
  2. (rare) a speech, especially for a ceremonial occasion
    Synonyms: говор (govor), беседа (beseda)
  3. (dialectal) letter (of the alphabet)
    Synonym: буква (bukva)
  4. (religion) homily, sermon
    Synonym: проповед (propoved)

Declension[edit]


Old Church Slavonic[edit]

слово

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *slȍvo (word).

Noun[edit]

слово (slovon

  1. word, speech, utterance
    1. word
      • ⱄⰾⱁⰲⰵⱄⰰ (leaf 118, line -2)”, in Codex Zographensis (in Old Church Slavonic), 1000±33, page Mk:13:31:
        небо ꙇ҅ земл҄ѣ прѣꙇ҅детъ · а꙼ моѣ словеса не прѣꙇ҅дѫтъ ·
        nebo ꙇ҅ zemlʹě prěꙇ҅detŭ · a꙼ moě slovesa ne prěꙇ҅dǫtŭ ·
        Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.
      • Luke 24:19-20, from Codex Assemanius, 3241900-3241920:
        ꙇ́же бъис꙯ мѫжь пррок꙯ · силенъ дѣломъ и́ словомъ ·
        ꙇ́že bys꙯ mǫžĭ prrok꙯ · silenŭ dělomŭ í slovomŭ ·
        A man who was a prophet, powerful in deed and word.
    2. the faculty of speech
    3. teaching (something taught)
      • Matthew 7:26, from Codex Marianus:
        и вьсѣкъ слꙑшѧи словеса моѣ си и не творѧи ихъ · оуподобитъ сѧ мѫжѫ боуѭ̑ · ꙇже созъда своѭ храминѫ на пѣсъцѣ ·
        i vĭsěkŭ slyšęi slovesa moě si i ne tvoręi ixŭ · upodobitŭ sę mǫžǫ bujǫ̑ · ꙇže sozŭda svojǫ xraminǫ na pěsŭcě ·
        And everyone hearing these sayings of mine and not doing them is like a foolish man who built his house on sand.
      • John 6:60, from Codex Marianus, 4066010:
        жестоко естъ слово се кто можетъ его слꙋшати ·
        žestoko estŭ slovo se kto možetŭ ego slušati ·
        This is a hard teaching. Who can accept it?
    4. news, rumor, tidings
      • ⱄⰾⱁⰲⱁ (leaf 80, line 15)”, in Codex Zographensis (in Old Church Slavonic), 1000±33, page Mk:1:45:
        Ѡнъ же шьдъ начѧтъ проповѣдати много · ꙇ҅ проносити слово ·
        Onŭ že šĭdŭ načętŭ propovědati mnogo · ꙇ҅ pronositi slovo ·
        Instead, having gone, he began to proclaim it freely and spread the news.
      • ⱄⰾⱁⰲⱁ (leaf 154.5, line -2)”, in Codex Zographensis (in Old Church Slavonic), 1000±33, page Lk:7:17:
        ꙇ҅ изиде слово се по всеі ꙇ҅юдеі о н҄емь ·
        ꙇ҅ izide slovo se po vsei ꙇ҅judei o nʹemĭ ·
        And this news of him went out over all Judea.
    5. (Christianity) the Logos
      • early 11th century, Codex Assemanius, John 1:1:
        Исконі бѣ слово [и] слово бѣ ꙋ́ б꙯а · и б꙯ъ бѣ слово ·
        Iskoni bě slovo [i] slovo bě ú b꙯a · i b꙯ŭ bě slovo ·
        In the beginning was the Word [and] the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
    6. order, commandment
    7. promise, vow
    8. name, appellation
    9. (Old East Church Slavonic, semantic loan from Greek) oracle, item for determining prophetic judgements
      • 1581, Ostrog Bible, Exodus 28.15:
        И҆ да сътвори́ши сло́во сꙋ́дное, дѣ́ло пестрѧ́щаго […]
        I҆ da sŭtvoríši slóvo súdnoe, dě́lo pestrę́štago […]
        And thou shalt make an oracle of judgment, a variegated work […]
    10. (later Church Slavonic) speech, address, oration
  2. written text
    1. homily, sermon
    2. the scriptures or a citation therefrom
  3. mind, reason
    1. reason, cause
      • Ретъко, editor (1025±50?), “слово”, in Codex Suprasliensis (in Old Church Slavonic), page (leaf) 230, line 20:
        чꙿто ѥ слово · что꙯ коварь҆ство · чꙿто ѥ҆ мꙑсль сьнитию̑ ѥ҅го · ѥ҅же въ а҅дъ ·
        čꙿto je slovo · čto꙯ kovarĭ҆stvo · čꙿto je҆ myslĭ sĭnitijȗ je҅go · je҅že vŭ a҅dŭ ·
        What is the reason, what the craft, what is the thought behind his descent into Hell?
    2. (semantic loan from Greek) reason (cognitive faculty)
    3. (semantic loan from Greek) account, reckoning, calculation
    4. (semantic loan from Greek) meaning, signification
    5. (semantic loan from Greek) manner, type, essence
    6. (semantic loan from Hebrew) thing, matter

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Miklosich, Franz (1850) Lexicon linguae Slovenicae. Veteris dialecti[1], Vienna
  • Cejtlin, R.M.; Večerka, R.; Blagova, E., editors (1994), “слово”, in Staroslavjanskij slovarʹ (po rukopisjam X—XI vekov) [Old Church Slavonic Dictionary (Based on 10–11th Century Manuscripts)], Moscow: Russkij jazyk
  • Hauptova Z., editor (1958–1997), “слово”, in Slovník jazyka staroslověnského (Lexicon linguae palaeoslovenicae), Prague: Euroslavica
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  • Halla-aho, Jussi (2006) Problems of Proto-Slavic Historical Nominal Morphology: On the Basis of Old Church Slavic (Slavica Helsingiensia; 26)‎[2], Helsinki: University of Helsinki
  • Бояджиев, Андрей (2016) Старобългарска читанка[3], София

Old East Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *slovo (word).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈslovo/
  • Hyphenation: сло‧во

Noun[edit]

слово (slovon

  1. word

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Belarusian: сло́ва (slóva)
  • Russian: сло́во (slóvo)
  • Rusyn: сло́во (slóvo)
  • Ukrainian: сло́во (slóvo)

References[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic слово (slovo), from Proto-Slavic *slȍvo (word).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сло́во (slóvon inan (genitive сло́ва, nominative plural слова́, genitive plural слов, related adjective слове́сный, diminutive слове́чко or словцо́)

  1. word, term
    гру́бое сло́воgrúboje slóvoharsh word
    устаре́вшее сло́воustarévšeje slóvoobsolete word
  2. speech, address
  3. promise
    наруша́ть сло́воnarušátʹ slóvoto break one's word, to go back upon / on one's word (breaking promise or contract)

Declension[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adjectives & Adverbs

Nouns

Verbs

ETC

Further reading[edit]

  • слово in Большой толковый словарь, editor-in-chief С. А. Кузнецов – hosted at gramota.ru

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *slȍvo (word).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /slôʋo/
  • Hyphenation: сло‧во

Noun[edit]

сло̏во n (Latin spelling slȍvo)

  1. letter (letter of the alphabet)
  2. (figuratively) speech, sermon
  3. (obsolete) word

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia uk

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *slȍvo (word).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сло́во (slóvon inan (genitive сло́ва, nominative plural слова́, genitive plural слів, related adjective слове́сний, diminutive слове́чко or слівце́)

  1. a word
  2. a verbal expression, utterance, or phrase
  3. a speech, presentation, oration
  4. the facility of speech, language, verbal articulation
  5. a literary genre
  6. a promise

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

verbs
nouns
adjectives
adverbs

References[edit]