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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Slavic *slȍvo (word), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱléwos (fame).


ⱄⰾⱁⰲⱁ (slovon

  1. speech, talk, utterance, something said
    1. word
    2. the faculty of speech
    3. (later Church Slavonic) speech, address, oration
    4. order, commandment, decree
    5. name, appellation
    6. news, rumor, tidings
    7. promise, vow
    8. teaching (something taught by a religious or philosophical authority)
    9. the Logos
  2. literary work, text, book
    1. homily, sermon
    2. the scriptures or a citation therefrom
  3. cause, reason
  4. (use calqued from Greek) account, reckoning, calculation
  5. (use calqued from Greek) reason (cognitive faculty)
    1. (use calqued from Greek) meaning, signification
  6. (use calqued from Greek) manner, type, essence
  7. (use calqued from Hebrew) thing, matter


  • Cejtlin, R.M.; Večerka, R.; Blagova, E., editors (1994), “ⱄⰾⱁⰲⱁ”, in Staroslavjanskij slovarʹ (po rukopisjam X—XI vekov) [Old Church Slavonic Dictionary (Based on 10–11th Century Manuscripts)], Moscow: Russkij jazyk
  • Hauptova Z., editor (1958–1997), “ⱄⰾⱁⰲⱁ”, in Slovník jazyka staroslověnského (Lexicon linguae palaeoslovenicae), Prague: Euroslavica
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6
  • Halla-aho, Jussi (2006) Problems of Proto-Slavic Historical Nominal Morphology: On the Basis of Old Church Slavic (Slavica Helsingiensia; 26)[1], Helsinki: University of Helsinki