дума

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *duma (thought), from Germanic, from Proto-Germanic *dōmaz (judicial decision, act, thought).

Noun[edit]

ду́ма (dúmaf

  1. word (unit of language)
  2. word, account (the thing one talks about)
  3. word, talk, conversation
  4. word, promise, pledge
  5. word, say, opinion, verdict
  6. the right to speak, floor
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Russian ду́ма (dúma), from the same source as Etymology 1.

Noun[edit]

ду́ма (dúmaf

  1. duma (Russian legislative assembly)
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • дума in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)

Macedonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *duma (thought).

Noun[edit]

дума (dumaf (plural думи)

  1. (regional) word (unit of language)
  2. (regional) thought
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. (regional, archaic) to remember

Etymology 2[edit]

From Russian ду́ма (dúma), ultimately from Proto-Slavic *duma (thought).

Noun[edit]

дума (dumaf (uncountable)

  1. duma (Russian legislature)
Declension[edit]

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *duma (thought, care, council), from Germanic, possibly Proto-Germanic *dōmaz (judicial decision, act, thought), Gothic 𐌳𐍉𐌼𐍃 (dōms, judgment, act, thought), 𐌳𐍉𐌼𐌹𐌰𐌽 (dōmian, to judge), 𐌳𐍉𐌼 (dōm, council, thought). Also compare modern German -tum, English -dom, doom.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈdumə]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ду́ма (dúmaf inan (genitive ду́мы, nominative plural ду́мы, genitive plural дум)

  1. thought, meditation
  2. duma (Russian legislature)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *duma (thought, care, council), from Germanic, possibly Proto-Germanic *dōmaz (judicial decision, act, thought), Gothic 𐌳𐍉𐌼𐍃 (dōms, judgment, act, thought), 𐌳𐍉𐌼𐌹𐌰𐌽 (dōmian, to judge), 𐌳𐍉𐌼 (dōm, council, thought). Also compare modern German -tum, English -dom, doom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ду́ма (dúmaf inan (genitive ду́ми, nominative plural ду́ми, genitive plural дум)

  1. A thought, meditation, idea.
  2. A sung epic poem, of a type invented by Ukrainian Cossacks in the 16th century; a ballad, elegy.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]