lustrum

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin lustrum (period of five years).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lustrum (plural lustra or lustrums)

  1. (Roman religion) A lustration or ceremonial purification of all the ancient Roman people, performed every five years, after the taking of the census.
  2. A period of five years.
    • 1835, Edgar Allan Poe, Morella, Tales of Mystery and Imagination, Folio Society 2007, p. 31:
      Thus passed away two lustra of her life, and, as yet, my daughter remained nameless upon the earth.
    • 1985, John Fowles, A Maggot:
      Q. Now, sir, if you would be so kind as to guess upon his age. A. Forty five years are certain. I would guess a lustrum more.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alteration from earlier dustrum (rare), from Ancient Greek δύστρον (dústron) from δύω (dúō, to plunge).

Noun[edit]

lustrum n (genitive lustrī); second declension

  1. bog, morass, place where boars and swine wallow
  2. (usually in the plural) den of wild beasts; wood, forest
  3. (usually in the plural) (a place of) debauchery
Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative lustrum lustra
genitive lustrī lustrōrum
dative lustrō lustrīs
accusative lustrum lustra
ablative lustrō lustrīs
vocative lustrum lustra
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

lūstrum n (genitive lustrī); second declension

  1. a purificatory sacrifice or lustration performed every five years by the censor
  2. a period of five years
Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative lūstrum lūstra
genitive lūstrī lūstrōrum
dative lūstrō lūstrīs
accusative lūstrum lūstra
ablative lūstrō lūstrīs
vocative lūstrum lūstra

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lustrum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lustrum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “lustrum”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • lustrum” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to complete the censorship (by certain formal purificatory ceremonies = lustro faciendo): lustrum condere (Liv. 1. 44. 2)
  • lustrum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lustrum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195083458
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag

References[edit]

  1. ^ “lustro 3” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, ISBN 978-88-00-20781-2