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Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *lew- (dirt, mud). Cognate with Old Irish loth (mud), Ancient Greek λῦμα (lûma, dirt, filth) and Albanian lym (mud).

Alternative forms[edit]



lutum n (genitive lutī); second declension

  1. soil, dirt, mire, mud
    Synonyms: caenum, sordēs
  2. loam, clay

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lutum luta
Genitive lutī lutōrum
Dative lutō lutīs
Accusative lutum luta
Ablative lutō lutīs
Vocative lutum luta
Derived terms[edit]
  • Albanian: llucë
  • Aromanian: lut
  • Asturian: llodu
  • Catalan: llot
  • French: lut
  • Galician: lodo
  • Italian: loto (obsolete); luto
  • Neapolitan: lóta (dirt, a curseword)
  • Occitan: lut
  • Portuguese: lodo
  • Romanian: lut
  • Sardinian: ludu, lutu, luru, ludru
  • Spanish: lodo

Etymology 2[edit]

Maybe from Old Latin clūtum, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (green, yellow). Cognate with Latin fel, helvus, holus and bilis.



lūtum n (genitive lūtī); second declension

  1. The plant Reseda luteola used in dyeing yellow; weld, dyer's weed.
  2. The yellow coloring matter or dye extracted from this plant.

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lūtum lūta
Genitive lūtī lūtōrum
Dative lūtō lūtīs
Accusative lūtum lūta
Ablative lūtō lūtīs
Vocative lūtum lūta
Derived terms[edit]


  • lutum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lutum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lutum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • lutum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette