From Middle English lome, lame, lam, from Old English lām (“clay, mud, mire, earth”), from Proto-Germanic *laimaz, *laimô (“clay”), from Proto-Indo-European *ley- (“mud, slime; to slip, slide”). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Leem (“loam”), West Frisian liem (“loam”), Dutch leem (“loam”), German Lehm (“loam”). Related also to lime.
- (geology) A type of soil; an earthy mixture of sand, silt and clay, with organic matter to which its fertility is chiefly due.
- (metalworking) A mixture of sand, clay, and other materials, used in making moulds for large castings, often without a pattern.
- To cover, smear, or fill with loam.
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for loam in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)
loam (not comparable)
- Made of loam; consisting of loam.