光る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひか
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

⟨pi1karu⟩ → */pʲikaru//ɸikaru//hikaru/

From Old Japanese.

The initial hika- is cognate with ぴかぴか (pikapika, glitteringly, sparklingly).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "光る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
光る [hìkáꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 光れ [hìkáꜜrè]
Key constructions
Passive 光られる かられ [hìkáráréꜜrù]
Causative 光らせる からせ [hìkáráséꜜrù]
Potential 光れる かれ [hìkáréꜜrù]
Volitional 光ろう かろ [hìkáróꜜò]
Negative 光らない からない [hìkáráꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 光らなかった からなかった [hìkáráꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 光ります かりま [hìkárímáꜜsù]
Perfective 光った った [hìkáꜜttà]
Conjunctive 光って って [hìkáꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional 光れば れば [hìkáꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

(ひか) (hikaruintransitive godan (stem (ひか) (hikari), past (ひか)った (hikatta))

  1. to shine, gleam, glitter
    ピカピカ(ひか)
    pikapika hikaru
    to glitter
  2. to shine, stand out, be excellent

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Proverbs[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From stem ひか (pi1ka-, cognate with modern ぴかぴか (pikapika), “glitteringly, sparklingly) +‎ (-ru, verb suffix).

Most likely cognate with (pi1, sun).

Verb[edit]

光る (pi1karu) (kana ひかる)

  1. to shine, gleam, glitter

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: 光る (hikaru)

See also[edit]