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See also: 𧶠, , and
U+8CE3, 賣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CE3

[U+8CE2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CE4]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 154, +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 土田中金 (GWLC), four-corner 40806, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1209, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36825
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1675, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3645, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8CE3

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𧷓 historical
𧷵
𧷨

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
賣-seal.svg 賣-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mreːʔ
*mreːʔ
*mreːʔ
*mreːʔ
*mreːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mreːs): semantic  (go out) + phonetic  (OC *mreːʔ). Also ideogrammic compound (會意).

indicates the exporting side of the selling/buying deal. It was reduced to .

Etymology[edit]

Exoactive of (OC *mreːʔ, “to buy”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bē/bōe/bǒe - vernacular;
  • māi - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (31)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mˠɛH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mᵚæH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mæiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /maɨjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /mɛH/
    Wang
    Li
    /maiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /maiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    mài
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    mài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ meaH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mˁrajʔ-s/
    English sell

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8731
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mreːs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to sell
      /   ―  màiwán  ―  to sell out
    2. to betray
      /   ―  chūmài  ―  to betray
      友求榮 / 友求荣  ―  màiyǒuqiúróng  ―  to betray someone to obtain promotion
    3. to spare no effort, to do one's best
    4. to show off
      /   ―  màinòng  ―  to show off
      /   ―  màigōng  ―  to show off one's merit

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (mae) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer mae, Yale may)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (mại, mải, mợi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.