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U+8CE3, 賣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CE3

[U+8CE2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CE4]
See also: 𧶠, , and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 土田中金 (GWLC), four-corner 40806, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1209, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36825
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1675, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3645, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8CE3

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𧷨 (ancient form)
𧷓 (historical form)
𧷵 (historical form)
𧷷 (historical form)
𧶠 (graphical variant)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
賣-bronze.svg 賣-bigseal.svg 賣-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mreːʔ
*mreːʔ
*mreːʔ
*mreːʔ
*mreːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mreːs): semantic  (output) + phonetic  (OC *mreːʔ, goods). Also ideogrammic compound (會意).

indicates the exporting side of the selling/buying deal. It was reduced to .

Etymology[edit]

Exoactive of (OC *mreːʔ, “to buy”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bē/bōe/bǒe - vernacular;
  • māi - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (31)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠɛH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚæH/
Shao
Rongfen
/mæiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/maɨjH/
Li
Rong
/mɛH/
Wang
Li
/maiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/maiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mài
Middle
Chinese
‹ meaH ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˤrajʔ-s/
English sell

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8731
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mreːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to sell
    /   ―  màiwán  ―  to sell out
  2. to betray
    /   ―  chūmài  ―  to betray
    友求榮 / 友求荣  ―  màiyǒuqiúróng  ―  to betray someone to obtain promotion
  3. to spare no effort, to do one's best
  4. to show off
    /   ―  màinòng  ―  to show off
    /   ―  màigōng  ―  to show off one's merit

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mae) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer mae, Yale may)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mại, mải, mợi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.