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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

賣-bronze.svg 賣-bigseal.svg 賣-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (output) +  (goods)

indicate the exporting side of the selling/buying deal. It was reduced to . Compare to (to buy)

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 土田中金 (GWLC), four-corner 40806, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1209, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36825
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1675, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3645, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8CE3

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (賣), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 佳
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 莫懈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɣɛH/ /maiH/ /mɛH/ /mɯæH/ /maɨjH/ /maiH/ /mæiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8731 0 /*mreːs/

Verb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin, transitive, intransitive) to sell
    他們集市蔬菜雞蛋 [MSC, trad.]
    他们集市蔬菜鸡蛋 [MSC, simp.]
    Tāmen zài jíshì mài shūcài hé jīdàn. [Pinyin]
    They sell vegetables and eggs in the marketplace.
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè běn shū bù mài. [Pinyin]
    This book is not for sale
  2. to betray
    /   ―  chūmài  ―  to betray
    友求榮 / 友求荣  ―  màiyǒuqiúróng  ―  to betray someone to obtain promotion
  3. to spare no effort, to do one's best
  4. to show off
    /   ―  màinòng  ―  to show off
    /   ―  màigōng  ―  to show off one's merit

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mae) (hangeul , revised mae, McCune-Reischauer mae, Yale may)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mại, mải, mợi)

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