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U+7E31, 縱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7E31

[U+7E30]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7E32]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 女火竹人人 (VFHOO), four-corner 28981, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 935, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27819
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1374, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3445, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7E31

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
sʰroːŋ, *sʰloŋ
sʰroːŋ, *sʰloŋ
ʔsloːŋ, *ʔsloŋ
ʔsloːŋ, *ʔsloːŋʔ
ʔsloːŋʔ
ʔsloŋ
ʔsloŋ, *ʔsloŋs
ʔsloŋ, *sʰloŋ
ʔsloŋ
ʔsloŋ
ʔsloŋs
sʰloŋ
sʰloŋ
zloŋ, *zloŋ, *zloŋs
zloŋ
sloŋʔ
sloŋʔ
sloŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsloŋ, *ʔsloŋs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *zloŋ, *zloŋ, *zloŋs).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨoŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sioŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sioŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡suawŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sioŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭwoŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯woŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zòng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zòng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjowngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]oŋ-s/
English let loose

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 1849
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsloŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. loose; relaxed
  2. to shoot an arrow
  3. to send out; to deliver; to issue
  4. to let go; to set free; to set loose; to give free rein to
  5. to indulge
  6. to let off; to let slip
  7. to jump up; to jump over
  8. even if; even though
  9. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡suawŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡sioŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zōng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1844
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsloŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. of the north-south direction; vertical
  2. longitudinal; lengthwise
  3. (historical) Short for 合縱合纵 (“to ally with”).
  4. (military) Short for 縱隊纵队 (zòngduì, “column corps”).
  5. Alternative form of (zōng, “trace”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 縱縱纵纵 (“hurried; numerous”).
  2. Only used in 縱臾纵臾 (“to encourage”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (of hair worn in a bun) big and tall

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jong, chong) (hangeul , , revised jong, chong, McCune-Reischauer chong, ch'ong, Yale cong, chong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(túng, tung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.