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U+842C, 萬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-842C

[U+842B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+842D]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿田中月 (TWLB), four-corner 44427, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1042, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31339
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1501, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3247, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+842C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
萬-oracle.svg 萬-bronze.svg 萬-silk.svg 萬-bigseal.svg 萬-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*m·raːds, *m·rads, *m·raːd
*m·raːds, *m·rads
*hmreːds, *r̥ʰaːd
*mraːds
*mraːds
*m̥ʰraːds
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
濿 *m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads, *mlans
*mlans

This character has lost its original meaning of “scorpion”. The derivative (OC *m̥ʰraːds) refers to the original word.

Etymology[edit]

Three roots can perhaps be distinguished:

  1. “Scorpion”: See (OC *m̥ʰraːds);
  2. “Religious dance; sorcery”: Perhaps from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-man(medicine). Compare Tibetan སྨན(sman, medicine; she-demons worshipped by common folk), Burmese မန်း(man:, utter mystic words to heal or ward off evil);
  3. “Ten thousand”: Schuessler (2007) considers the etymology of this sense Sino-Tibetan, and compares it with Tibetan འབུམ('bum, hundred thousand; complete; entire; multifarious). Similar words are found in branches of Altaic and Tocharian; here they are treated as very old loanwords from Chinese, per Pulleyblank (apud Clauson, 1972), Beckwith (2009), Adams (2013) and Tremblay (2005).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bhuêng7 - Chaozhou;
  • bhuang7 - Shantou.
Note:
  • 3me - colloquial (only in 萬子);
  • 3ve - literary ("ten thousand", etc.).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mʉɐnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mʷiɐnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muanH/
Li
Rong
/miuɐnH/
Wang
Li
/mĭwɐnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯wɐnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjonH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ma[n]-s/
English 10000

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12633
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mlans/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Original form of (chài, “scorpion”).
  2. (historical) A ritual dance in ancient China.
  3. ten thousand
    /   ―  wànsuì  ―  ten thousand years; hooray; long live
  4. (figuratively) a great number
  5. innumerable; numerous
  6. very; extremely; absolutely
  7. A surname​.

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. ten thousand

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 5103
  • Halpern: 2497
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: 2969
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a3.8
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(man)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: man, Yale: man)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: man, McCune-Reischauer: man, Yale: man)

Noun[edit]

‎(man) ‎(hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of , “ten thousand”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vạn, vàn, mại, muôn)

Noun[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of vạn, vàn, mại, muôn, “ten thousand