Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
U+842C, 萬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-842C

[U+842B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+842D]
Commons:Category
Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿田中月 (TWLB), four-corner 44427, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1042, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31339
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1501, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3247, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+842C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
萬-oracle.svg 萬-bronze.svg 萬-silk.svg 萬-seal.svg 萬-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*m·raːds, *m·rads, *m·raːd
*m·raːds, *m·rads
*hmreːds, *r̥ʰaːd
*mraːds
*mraːds
*m̥ʰraːds
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
濿 *m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads, *mlans
*mlans

This character has lost its original meaning of “scorpion”. The derivative (OC *m̥ʰraːds) refers to the original word.

Etymology[edit]

Three roots can perhaps be distinguished:

  1. “Scorpion”: See (OC *m̥ʰraːds);
  2. “Religious dance; sorcery”: Perhaps from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-man (medicine). Compare Tibetan སྨན (sman, medicine; she-demons worshipped by common folk), Burmese မန်း (man:, utter mystic words to heal or ward off evil)
  3. Myriad” (10000): Schuessler (2007) considers the etymology of this sense Sino-Tibetan, and compares it with Tibetan འབུམ ('bum, hundred thousand; complete; entire; multifarious). Similar words are found in branches of Altaic and Tocharian; here they are treated as very old loanwords from Chinese, per Pulleyblank (apud Clauson, 1972), Beckwith (2009), Adams (2013) and Tremblay (2005).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bhuêng7 - Chaozhou;
  • bhuang7 - Shantou.
Note:
  • 3me - colloquial (only in 萬子);
  • 3ve - literary ("ten thousand", etc.).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mʉɐnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mʷiɐnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muanH/
Li
Rong
/miuɐnH/
Wang
Li
/mĭwɐnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯wɐnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjonH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ma[n]-s/
English 10000

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12633
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mlans/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Original form of (chài, “scorpion”).
  2. (historical) A ritual dance in ancient China.
  3. myriad, ten thousand, 10000
    /   ―  wànsuì  ―  ten thousand years; hooray; long live
  4. (figuratively) a great number
  5. innumerable; numerous
  6. very; extremely; absolutely
  7. A surname​.

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(小写, lower case)


亿

万亿
Financial
(大写, upper case)





亿

万亿

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • → Altaic:
  • → Tocharian:
    • Tocharian A: tmāṃ (ten thousand)
    • Tocharian B: t(u)māne (ten thousand, a myriad)
  • → Japanese:  (まん) (man),  (ばん) (ban, ten thousand)
    • → English: banzai (Japanese battle cry; cry of enthusiasm)
  • → Korean: (, man, “ten thousand”)
  • → Vietnamese: muôn (ten thousand; all, many)
  • → Vietnamese: vạn (, "ten thousand; myriad")
  • → Khmer: ម៉ឺន (məɨn), ហ្មឺន (məɨn, ten thousand; official rank)
  • → Shan: မိုၼ်ႇ (mùen, ten thousand)
  • → Lao: ໝື່ນ (mư̄n), ຫມື່ນ (mư̄n, ten thousand; official rank)
  • → Thai: หมื่น (mʉ̀ʉn, ten thousand; official rank)

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. ten thousand

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
よろず
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

⟨yo2ro2du⟩ → */jərədu//jorod͡zu//jorozu/

From Old Japanese, first attested in the Kojiki (712 CE). See for more senses.

Proper noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana よろず, rōmaji Yorozu, historical hiragana よろづ)

  1. a surname

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana よろづ, rōmaji Yorozu)

  1. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ばん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC mʉɐnH). See for more senses.

Proper noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana ばん, rōmaji Ban)

  1. a surname

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
まん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

Likely a shift from ban above. See for more senses.

Proper noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana まん, rōmaji Man)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 5103
  • Halpern: 2497
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: 2969
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a3.8
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.



Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(man)

Noun[edit]

(man) (hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of , “ten thousand”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vạn, vàn, mại, muôn)

Noun[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of vạn, vàn, mại, muôn, “ten thousand