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See also: and
U+7E23, 縣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7E23

[U+7E22]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7E24]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 120, +10, 16 strokes, cangjie input 月火竹女火 (BFHVF), four-corner 62993, composition ⿰⿱⿴𠀃(GTV) or ⿰(HJK))

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • (simplification)
    • also simplified within the compound character from
  • (simplification)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 934, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27784
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1373, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3435, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7E23

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
Map including Fang County (labeled as FANG-HSIEN (walled)) and Yun County (labeled as YÜN-HSIEN (YÜN-YANG) (walled)) in Shiyan, western Hubei Province, China (AMS, 1954)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
縣-bronze.svg 縣-seal.svg 縣-bigseal.svg

Shuowen: Ideogrammic compound (會意): 𥄉 + – to hang 系 by the head 𥄉 (hair hanging down).

Originally in bronze and bamboo slip scripts, Ideogrammic compound (會意): + + - to hang with the string 糸 by the head 目 (using an eye to represent a head) on a tree 木. In Qin bamboo slip scripts, some of + were corrupted to (with one straight horizontal line rather than 𠃊) which interpreted to a reversed head by Shuowen, and 糸 was corrupted to .

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • koāiⁿ/kūiⁿ/koān - vernacular;
  • hiān - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • xienn5 - vernacular;
    • xienn4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕian⁵¹/
    Harbin /ɕian⁵³/
    Tianjin /ɕian⁵³/
    Jinan /ɕiã²¹/
    Qingdao /ɕiã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ɕian³¹²/
    Xi'an /ɕiã⁴⁴/
    Xining /ɕiã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ɕian¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /ɕian²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɕiɛn³⁵/
    Chengdu /ɕian¹³/
    Guiyang /ɕian²¹³/
    Kunming /ɕiɛ̃²¹²/
    Nanjing /ɕien⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ɕiĩ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕie⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /ɕie̞³⁵/
    Hohhot /ɕie⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦyø²³/
    Suzhou /ɦiø³¹/
    Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞¹³/
    Wenzhou /jy²²/
    Hui Shexian /ɕie²²/
    Tunxi /yɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕiẽ⁵⁵/
    /ɕiẽ¹¹/
    Xiangtan /ɕiẽ²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /ian⁵³/
    Taoyuan /ʒen⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²²/
    Nanning /jin²²/
    /yn²²/
    Hong Kong /jyn²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hian²²/
    /kuãi²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaiŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kyiŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kũi³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³⁵/
    /kɔi²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (86)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦwenH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷenH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɛnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwɛnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuenH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣiwenH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣiwenH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xuàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jyun6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwenH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.[ɡ]ʷˁe[n]-s/
    English district

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 13578
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷeːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. a kind of administrative division
      1. (historical, in ancient China) district; prefecture
      2. (in Mainland China) county (third level division that is now generally restricted to rural areas, contrasted with urban districts ( ()))
      3. (in Taiwan) county (first level division that used to be under the jurisdiction of a province but are now directly administered by the central government)
      4. (in Japan) prefecture
      5. (in the United States) county (second level division under the jurisdiction of a state, excluding Alaska and Louisiana)
        洛杉磯 / 洛杉矶  ―  luòshānjī xiàn  ―  Los Angeles County
    2. (in many cases but not always) county seat (the town which serves as the seat of government of such divisions)
    3. A surname​.
    See also[edit]
    • (first-level divisions): (shěng), (shì); (dào) (historical)
    • (second-level divisions): (); (zhōu), (shì), (), (jùn), (dào) (historical)

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (けん) (ken); (げん) (gen)
    • Korean: (, hyeon)
    • Vietnamese: huyện ()

    Others:

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (86)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦwen/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷen/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɛn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwɛn/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuen/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣiwen/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣiwen/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xuán
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jyun4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ʷˁe[n]/
    English suspend

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 13576
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷeːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (xuán, “to hang; to suspend”).

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 고을 (go'eul hyeon))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    (eumhun 매달 (maedal hyeon))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: huyện

    1. Hán tự form of huyện (district).