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U+7E23, 縣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7E23

[U+7E22]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7E24]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +10, 16 strokes, cangjie input 月火竹女火 (BFHVF), four-corner 62993, composition(JK) or ⿰⿱⿻(GTV))

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • (simplification, as in (from ))
  • (simplification)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 934, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27784
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1373, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3435, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7E23

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
縣-bronze.svg 縣-bigseal.svg 縣-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡʷeːn, *ɡʷeːns
*ɡʷeːn

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  – to hang 系 by the head 県 (hair hanging down).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hiān - literary;
  • kūiⁿ/koān/koāiⁿ - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕian⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕian⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiã²¹/
Qingdao /ɕiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕian³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕiã⁴⁴/
Xining /ɕiã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕian¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕian²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /ɕian¹³/
Guiyang /ɕian²¹³/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ɕien⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕiĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /ɕie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦyø²³/
Suzhou /ɦiø³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞¹³/
Wenzhou /jy²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕie²²/
Tunxi /yɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiẽ⁵⁵/
/ɕiẽ¹¹/
Xiangtan /ɕiẽ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ian⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʒen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²²/
Nanning /jin²²/
/yn²²/
Hong Kong /jyn²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hian²²/
/kuãi²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaiŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kyiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kũi³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³⁵/
/kɔi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (33)
Final () (86) (86)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦwen/ /ɦwenH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷen/ /ɦʷenH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɛn/ /ɣuɛnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwɛn/ /ɦwɛnH/
Li
Rong
/ɣuen/ /ɣuenH/
Wang
Li
/ɣiwen/ /ɣiwenH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣiwen/ /ɣiwenH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xuán xuàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiàn xuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwenH › ‹ hwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.[ɡ]ʷˤe[n]-s/ /*[ɡ]ʷˤe[n]/
English district suspend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 13576 13578
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷeːn/ /*ɡʷeːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. An administrative subdivision of imperial, republican, and communist China, typically translated as "county" but now generally restricted to rural areas, contrasted with the urban "districts" ()
  2. (in many cases but not always) The town which serves as the seat of government of such subdivisions, the "county seat"

See also[edit]

  • (first-level divisions): (shěng), (shì); (dào) (historical)
  • (second-level divisions): (); (zhōu), (shì), (), (jùn), (dào) (historical)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyeon) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hyŏn, Yale hyen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(huyện)

  1. Hán tự form of huyện, “district”