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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  – to hang 系 by the head 県 (hair hanging down).

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +10, 16 strokes, cangjie input 月火竹女火 (BFHVF), four-corner 62993)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • (simplification, as in (from ))
  • (simplification)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 934, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27784
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1373, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3435, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7E23

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕian⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕian⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiã²¹/
Qingdao /ɕiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕian³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕiã⁴⁴/
Xining /ɕiã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕian¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕian²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /ɕian¹³/
Guiyang /ɕian²¹³/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ɕien⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕiĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /ɕie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦyø¹³/
Suzhou /ɦiø³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞¹³/
Wenzhou /jy²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕie²²/
Tunxi /yɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiẽ⁵⁵/
/ɕiẽ¹¹/
Xiangtan /ɕiẽ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ian⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʒen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²²/
Nanning /jin²²/
/yn²²/
Hong Kong /jyn²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hian²²/
/kuãi²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaiŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kyiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kũi³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³⁵/
/kɔi²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (33)
Final: (86)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xuán
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦwen/ /ɦʷen/ /ɣuɛn/ /ɦwɛn/ /ɣuen/ /ɣiwen/ /ɣiwen/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (33)
Final: (86)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xuàn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦwenH/ /ɦʷenH/ /ɣuɛnH/ /ɦwɛnH/ /ɣuenH/ /ɣiwenH/ /ɣiwenH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiàn ‹ hwenH › /*Cə.[ɡ]ʷˤe[n]-s/ district
xuán ‹ hwen › /*[ɡ]ʷˤe[n]/ suspend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13576 2 /*ɡʷeːn/
13578 2 /*ɡʷeːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. county, district, prefecture, subdivision

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyeon) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hyŏn, Yale hyen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(huyện)

  1. Hán tự form of huyện, "district"