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See also:
U+7DF4, 練
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7DF4

[U+7DF3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7DF5]
U+F996, 練
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F996

[U+F995]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F997]
U+FA57, 練
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA57

[U+FA56]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA58]
U+FAB0, 練
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FAB0

[U+FAAF]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FAB1]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120, +9 in Chinese, 糸+8 in Japanese, 15 strokes in Chinese, 14 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 女火木田火 (VFDWF), four-corner 25996, composition(GHTV) or ⿰(J or U+FAB0) or ⿰(K or U+F996 or U+FA57))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 932, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27631
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1370, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3424, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7DF4

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
Wikipedia has an article on:
練姓

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
練-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːnʔ, *ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·reːn
*kreːnʔ, *ɡ·reːns
*kreːnʔ
*kreːnʔ
*kraːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·reːns): semantic  (silk) + phonetic  (OC *kreːnʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • liang7 - Shantou;
  • liêng7 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lenH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lenH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɛnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɛnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /lenH/
    Wang
    Li
    /lienH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lienH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    liàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    liàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lenH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]ˁen-s/
    English sized white silk

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6141
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·reːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. white silk
    2. to boil and scour raw silk
    3. to practice; to drill; to exercise; to train
    4. experienced; familiar
    5. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. practice
    2. gloss
    3. train
    4. drill
    5. polish
    6. refine

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ryeon, yeon) (hangeul , , revised ryeon, yeon, McCune–Reischauer ryŏn, yŏn, Yale lyen, yen)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (luyện, lén, lẹn, rén, rịn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.