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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note the difference between the traditional Chinese (柬) and the Japanese shinjitai ().

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·reːns):  ‎(silk) + 

In Japanese, Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·reːns):  ‎(silk) + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +9 in Chinese, 糸+8 in Japanese, in Chinese 15 strokes, in Japanese 14 strokes, cangjie input 女火木田火 (VFDWF), four-corner 25996, composition or ⿰)

  1. practice, drill, exercise, train
  2. white silk

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 932, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27631
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1370, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3424, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7DF4

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (85)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: liàn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/lenH/ /lenH/ /lɛnH/ /lɛnH/ /lenH/ /lienH/ /lienH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
liàn ‹ lenH › /*[r]ˤen-s/ sized white silk

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6141 2 /*ɡ·reːns/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryeon, yeon) (hangeul , , revised ryeon, yeon, McCune-Reischauer ryŏn, yŏn, Yale lyen, yen)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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