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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
蘭-bigseal.svg 蘭-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  ‎(plant) + 

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +17, 23 strokes, cangjie input 廿日弓田 (TANW), four-corner 44227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1070, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32477
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1536, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3333, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+862D

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蘭), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 落干切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑn/ /lɑn/ /lɑn/ /lɑn/ /lan/ /lɑn/ /lɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lán ‹ lan › /*k.rˤan/ orchid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6119 1 /*ɡ·raːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. orchid
  2. elegant, graceful
  3. abbreviation for Lanzhou
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
あららぎ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

‎(hiragana あららぎ, romaji araragi)

  1. Allium macrostemon; a type of lily
    • 931-938, Wamyō Ruijushō (book 4 page 68)
      蘭蒚 養生秘要云、蘭蒚草、蒚音隔、和名阿良々歧
    • 931-938, Wamyō Ruijushō (book 10 page 28)
      澤蘭 陶隠居云、澤蘭、佐波阿良良歧, 一云、阿加末久佐

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふじばかま
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

‎(hiragana ふじばかま, romaji fujibakama, historical hiragana ふぢばかま)

  1. Eupatorium fortunei; a type of flower of the Asteraceae family
    • 931-938, Wamyō Ruijushō (book 10 page 2)
      蘭 兼名苑云、蘭、音蘭 二字舊無、今依下總本錄存廣本亦有是音、一名薫音恵、本草 布知波加麻、新撰万葉集別用藤袴二字

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
らん
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

‎(hiragana らん, romaji Ran)

  1. orchid; a plant of the orchid family, bearing unusually-shaped flowers of beautiful colours.
  2. A female given name
  3. Holland, Dutch

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. orchid
  2. The Netherlands (Holland)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]



Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ran, nan) (hangeul , , revised ran, nan, McCune-Reischauer ran, nan, Yale lan, nan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.