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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

爛-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  (fire) + 

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +17, 21 strokes, cangjie input 火日弓田 (FANW), four-corner 97820, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 687, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19604
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1099, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2249, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+721B

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (爛), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 郎旰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑnH/ /lɑnH/ /lɑnH/ /lɑnH/ /lanH/ /lɑnH/ /lɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
làn ‹ lanH › /*[r]ˤan-s/ cooked until soft

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6130 1 /*ɡ·raːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. rotten, spoiled, decayed

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ran, nan) (hangeul , , revised ran, nan, McCune-Reischauer ran, nan, Yale lan, nan)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.