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See also: , , and
U+7149, 煉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7149

[U+7148]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+714A]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 86, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 火木田火 (FDWF), four-corner 95896, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 676, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19178
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1087, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2215, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7149

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
煉-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·reːns): semantic (fire) + phonetic (OC *kreːnʔ).

Definitions[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to smelt; to refine; to measure; to polish; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. refine metals
  2. kneading over fire

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ryeon>yeon) (hangeul >, revised ryeon>yeon, McCune–Reischauer ryŏn>yŏn, Yale lyen>yen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: luyện, rịn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.