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U+7149, 煉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7149

[U+7148]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+714A]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 火木田火 (FDWF), four-corner 95896, composition)

  1. smelt, refine
  2. distill, condense

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 676, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19178
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1087, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2215, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7149

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
煉-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːnʔ, *ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡr·reːn
*kreːnʔ, *ɡ·reːns
*kreːnʔ
*kreːnʔ
*kraːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·reːns):  (fire) + .

Pronunciation[edit]



Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6143
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·reːns/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ryeon>yeon) (hangeul >, revised ryeon>yeon, McCune-Reischauer ryŏn>yŏn, Yale lyen>yen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(luyện, rịn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.