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See also: and
U+7149, 煉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7149

[U+7148]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+714A]

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 火木田火 (FDWF), four-corner 95896, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 676, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19178
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1087, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2215, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7149

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
煉-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːnʔ, *ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·reːn
*kreːnʔ, *ɡ·reːns
*kreːnʔ
*kreːnʔ
*kraːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·reːns): semantic  (fire) + phonetic  (OC *kreːnʔ).

Definitions[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ryeon>yeon) (hangeul >, revised ryeon>yeon, McCune-Reischauer ryŏn>yŏn, Yale lyen>yen)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(luyện, rịn)

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