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See also:
U+703E, 瀾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-703E

[U+703D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+703F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +17, 20 strokes, cangjie input 水日弓田 (EANW), four-corner 37120, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 661, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18722
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1071, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1790, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+703E

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
瀾-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːnʔ, *ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·reːn
*kreːnʔ, *ɡ·reːns
*kreːnʔ
*kreːnʔ
*kraːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːns): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *ɡ·raːn).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms second round simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (61) (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lan/ /lanH/
Li
Rong
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Wang
Li
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lán làn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6122 6132
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·raːn/ /*ɡ·raːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. billow
  2. ripple

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms second round simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 瀾漫澜漫.

Etymology 3[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms



From (OC *ljan, “saliva”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (chiefly Min) saliva
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 口水 (“saliva; drool”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 唾液口涎口水
Mandarin Beijing 哈喇子
Taiwan 口水
Tianjin 哈喇子
Harbin 口水哈喇子
Shenyang 吃水哈喇子
Hailar 哈喇子
Ulan Hot 哈喇子
Tongliao 哈喇子
Chifeng 唾沫
Bayanhot 涎水口水
Jinan 吃拉拉咧涎涎線哈喇子
Muping 痴水痴水痘兒
Jiedian 涎水
Xi'an 涎水
Zhengzhou 嘴水
Xining 涎水
Xuzhou 口水口婁水
Yinchuan 涎水
Lanzhou 涎水
Ürümqi 涎水哈喇子
Wuhan 涎水
Chengdu 口水憨口水
Guiyang 口水
Guilin 口水
Liuzhou 口水口漦 dated
Kunming 口水
Yangzhou 口水
Nanjing 口水
Hefei 口水
Nantong 唾沫
Cantonese Guangzhou 口水
Hong Kong 口水
Shunde 口水
Foshan 口水
Zhongshan 口涎
Dongguan 口水
Hong Kong (Weitou) 口水
Taishan 口水
Doumen 口水
Kaiping 口水
Shaoguan 口水
Yunfu 口水
Yangjiang 口水
Xinyi 口水
Lianjiang 口水
Nanning 口水
Wuzhou 口水
Yulin 涎水
Hepu 涎水口水
Kuala Lumpur 口水
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan 口瀾
Pingxiang 饞水
Hakka Meixian 口瀾口瀾水口水
Xingning 口瀾
Huidong 口水
Qujiang 口瀾
Xiaosanjiang 口水
Luchuan 口水
Changting 口瀾
Pingyu 口瀾
Wuping 口瀾
Liancheng 口瀾
Ninghua 口瀾
Yudu 喉瀾水
Ruijin 夫瀾水夫瀾
Shicheng 口瀾
Shangyou 口瀾
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 口瀾口瀾水
Liudui (S. Sixian) 口瀾口瀾水
Hsinchu (Hailu) 口水口瀾口瀾水
Dongshi (Dabu) 口瀾口瀾水
Zhuolan (Raoping) 口瀾口瀾水
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 口瀾口瀾水
Hong Kong 口水
Sabah 口水
Senai 口水
Singkawang 口水
Huizhou Jixi 口涎口水
Jin Taiyuan 涎水
Xinzhou 涎水
Baochang 涎水
Jining 涎水
Hohhot 涎拉子
Baotou 涎水
Dongsheng 涎水
Linhe 涎水
Haibowan 涎水
Min Bei Jian'ou 瀾水
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Min Nan Xiamen 喙瀾
Quanzhou 喙瀾
Zhangzhou 喙瀾
Taipei 喙瀾
Kaohsiung 喙瀾
Tainan 喙瀾
Taichung 喙瀾
Wuqi 喙瀾
Hsinchu 喙瀾
Taitung 喙瀾
Lukang
Sanxia 喙瀾
Yilan 喙瀾
Kinmen
Magong 喙瀾
Penang
Singapore
Pingnan 瀾水
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Haikou 瀾水
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning
Guilin 口水
Wu Shanghai 饞唾饞唾水
Suzhou 饞唾饞唾水
Hangzhou 饞唾饞唾水兒
Wenzhou 口灡水饞灡
Chongming 饞唾水
Danyang 痰吐涎吐饞吐
Jinhua 口唾水
Ningbo 饞唾水饞茶水爛唾水
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng 口水
Xiangtan 痰水子
Loudi 口水
Quanzhou 口水

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. large waves

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ran>nan) (hangeul >, revised ran>nan, McCune–Reischauer ran>nan, Yale lan>nan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: lan, tràn

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999