saliva

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See also: salivá and salivă

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

A learned borrowing from Latin salīva (spittle), replacing or merging with Middle English salive, salve (saliva), from the same Latin source. Further origin uncertain. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *salw-, *sal- (dirt, dirty), cognate with Old English salu (dark, dusky). More at sallow.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: sə-līʹ-və, IPA(key): /səˈlaɪvə/
  • Hyphenation: sa‧li‧va
  • Rhymes: -aɪvə

Noun[edit]

saliva (countable and uncountable, plural salivas or salivae or salivæ)

  1. (physiology) A clear, slightly alkaline liquid secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands and mucous glands, consisting of water, mucin, protein, and enzymes. It moistens the mouth, lubricates ingested food, and begins the breakdown of starches.
    Synonyms: spit, spittle

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin salīva, attested from the 14th century.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

saliva f (plural salives)

  1. saliva

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ saliva”, in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2022

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

saliva

  1. third-person singular past historic of saliver

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /saˈli.va/
  • Rhymes: -iva
  • Hyphenation: sa‧lì‧va

Etymology 1[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

From Latin salīva.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

saliva f (plural salive)

  1. (physiology) saliva, spittle, spit
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

saliva

  1. inflection of salivare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

saliva

  1. third-person singular imperfect indicative of salire

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *solH- (compare Irish salach (dirty), Welsh halog, English sallow, Russian соло́вый (solóvyj, cream-colored)).[1] May alternatively be of independent expressive/onomatopoeic origin; compare Ancient Greek σίαλον (síalon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

salīva f (genitive salīvae); first declension

  1. spittle, saliva

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative salīva salīvae
Genitive salīvae salīvārum
Dative salīvae salīvīs
Accusative salīvam salīvās
Ablative salīvā salīvīs
Vocative salīva salīvae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walde, Alois; Hofmann, Johann Baptist (1954), “saliva”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 2, 3rd edition, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 468

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

From Latin salīva, probably borrowed.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: sa‧li‧va

Noun[edit]

saliva f (plural salivas)

  1. saliva, spittle (liquid secreted into the mouth)

Verb[edit]

saliva

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of salivar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of salivar

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French saliver, from Latin salivare.

Verb[edit]

a saliva (third-person singular present salivează, past participle salivat1st conj.

  1. to salivate
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

saliva f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of salivă

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /saˈliba/, [saˈli.β̞a]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin salīva, probably borrowed[1].

Noun[edit]

saliva f (plural salivas)

  1. saliva, spittle
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

saliva

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of salivar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of salivar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of salivar.

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]