saliva

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See also: salivá and salivă

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin salīva (spittle), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *salw-, *sal- (dirt, dirty), cognate with Old English salu (dark, dusky). More at sallow.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: sə-līʹ-və, IPA(key): /səˈlaɪvə/
  • Hyphenation: sa‧li‧va
  • Rhymes: -aɪvə

Noun[edit]

saliva (countable and uncountable, plural salivas or salivae or salivæ)

  1. (physiology) A clear, slightly alkaline liquid secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands and mucous glands, consisting of water, mucin, protein, and enzymes. It moistens the mouth, lubricates ingested food, and begins the breakdown of starches.
    Synonyms: spit, spittle

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin salīva, attested from the 14th century.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

saliva f (plural salives)

  1. saliva

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “saliva” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

saliva

  1. third-person singular past historic of saliver

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /saˈli.va/
  • Hyphenation: sa‧lì‧va

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin salīva.

Noun[edit]

saliva f (plural salive)

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it
  1. (physiology) saliva, spittle, spit
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

saliva

  1. third-person singular present indicative of salivare
  2. second-person singular imperative of salivare

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

saliva

  1. third-person singular imperfect indicative of salire

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *solH- (compare Irish salach (dirty), Welsh halog, English sallow, Russian соло́вый (solóvyj, cream-colored)).[1] May alternatively be of independent expressive/onomatopoeic origin; compare Ancient Greek σίαλον (síalon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

salīva f (genitive salīvae); first declension

  1. spittle, saliva

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative salīva salīvae
Genitive salīvae salīvārum
Dative salīvae salīvīs
Accusative salīvam salīvās
Ablative salīvā salīvīs
Vocative salīva salīvae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • saliva in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • saliva in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • saliva in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • saliva in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  1. ^ Walde, Alois; Hofmann, Johann Baptist (1954) , “saliva”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 2, 3rd edition, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 468

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

From Latin salīva, probably borrowed.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

saliva f (plural salivas)

  1. saliva, spittle (liquid secreted into the mouth)

Verb[edit]

saliva

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of salivar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of salivar

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French saliver, from Latin salivare.

Verb[edit]

a saliva (third-person singular present salivează, past participle salivat1st conj.

  1. to salivate
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

saliva f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of salivă

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /saˈliba/, [saˈli.β̞a]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin salīva, probably borrowed[1].

Noun[edit]

saliva f (plural salivas)

  1. saliva, spittle
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

saliva

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of salivar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of salivar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of salivar.

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]