sputum

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See also: Sputum

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin, from Latin sputum (that which is spit out, spittle), from spuere (to spit).

Noun[edit]

sputum (countable and uncountable, plural sputums or sputa)

  1. (physiology) Matter coughed up and expectorated from the mouth, composed of saliva and discharges from the respiratory passages such as mucus, phlegm or pus.
    • 2018, Louis Rosenfeld, Four Centuries of Clinical Chemistry
      In the early 1890s the work in the laboratory consisted of postmortems, urinalyses, and examination of sputums.
    • 2020 February 24, James Hamblin, “You’re Likely to Get the Coronavirus”, in The Atlantic[1]:
      At the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, the boy’s sputum sat for a month, waiting for its turn in a slow process of antibody-matching analysis.

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈspuːtum]
  • Hyphenation: spu‧tum

Noun[edit]

sputum n

  1. sputum

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sputum in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • sputum in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin sputum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈsputʊm]
  • Hyphenation: spu‧tum

Noun[edit]

sputum (first-person possessive sputumku, second-person possessive sputummu, third-person possessive sputumnya)

  1. (medicine) sputum.
    Pemeriksaan sputum penting dilakukan untuk mendiagnosis berbagai penyakit pernafasan.Sputum examination is important for diagnosis of many respiratory diseases.
    Synonyms: balgam, dahak

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From spuō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spūtum n (genitive spūtī); second declension

  1. spittle

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative spūtum spūta
Genitive spūtī spūtōrum
Dative spūtō spūtīs
Accusative spūtum spūta
Ablative spūtō spūtīs
Vocative spūtum spūta

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: esput
  • Dalmatian: spoit
  • English: sputum
  • Italian: sputo
  • Old French: esput
  • Portuguese: esputo
  • Romanian: spută
  • Spanish: esputo

Participle[edit]

spūtum

  1. inflection of spūtus:
    1. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular
    2. accusative masculine singular

References[edit]

  • sputum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sputum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sputum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette