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U+553E, 唾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-553E

[U+553D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+553F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口竹十一 (RHJM), four-corner 62014, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 194, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3785
  • Dae Jaweon: page 414, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 641, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+553E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
唾-seal.svg 唾-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːlʔ
*toːlʔ
*tʰoːl, *tʰoːls
*tʰoːls
*stol
*tol, *dols, *ɢʷɯ
*tol, *tjolʔ
*tols
*tols
*dol, *dols, *du
*dol, *dols
*dols
*tjolʔ
*djol
*djol
*djol
*djolʔ
*djols

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰoːls): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *djol).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰuɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰuɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰuɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰwaH/
Li
Rong
/tʰuɑH/
Wang
Li
/tʰuɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuò
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1661
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰoːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. saliva
  2. to spit
  3. to spit at; to spit with contempt
  4. to vomit

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

See also 唾する

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
つばき
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Derived as the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of now-obsolete verb 唾吐く (tsubaku, to spit, to expectorate), itself from (tsu, saliva) + 吐く (haku, to expel from the mouth: to spit, to vomit, to exhale).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つばき, rōmaji tsubaki)

  1. spit, saliva

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
つば
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Appears to be a shortening of tsubaki above. Alternatively, may be a fusion of tsu below with particle (wa, originally pa in Old Japanese, combining in some cases as ba).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つば, rōmaji tsuba)

  1. spit, saliva

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

Appears to be the oldest form.[2] Possibly onomatopoeia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji tsu)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) spit, saliva

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ta) (hangeul , revised ta, McCune–Reischauer t'a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: thóa/thoá

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.