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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai TA.png
U+305F, た

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Stroke order
4 strokes



Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.


(romaji ta)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ta). Its equivalent in katakana is (ta). It is the sixteenth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ta-gyō a-dan, row ta, section a).
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Short form of たれ (tare).


(rōmaji ta)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who
    • c. late 9th – mid-10th century, Taketori Monogatari

Etymology 3[edit]

From たる (taru), the 連体形 (rentaikei, adnominal form) of the classical auxiliary たり (tari).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (da) (when following -b, -g, -m, and -n base verbs)


(rōmaji -ta) (jodōshi)

  1. Indicates a past or completed action.
  2. Indicates the realization of a situation that has not realized.
  3. (modifying a noun) Indicates the resulting state of an action.
    Synonyms: てある (-te aru), ている (-te iru)
  4. (at the end of a sentence)
    1. Indicates speaker's declaration, confirmation, or sudden realization.
    2. Makes a light command.

Usage notes[edit]

  • This suffix follows the 音便 (onbin, euphonic changes) forms of certain verb classes, some of which cause the suffix (-ta) to be voiced as (-da).
  • In traditional Japanese grammar, this is a 助動詞 (jodōshi, auxiliary verb) with the defective paradigm たろ (taro), --, (ta), (ta), たら (tara), --. The 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis or incomplete form) たろ (taro) is used to derive the past conjectural suffix たろう (-tarō), which is now old-fashioned and taken over by だろう (darō) following the past form. The 仮定形 (kateikei, hypothetical stem) たら (-tara-) used to further take the conditional particle (-ba), but now usually stands on its own to form the conditional.

See also[edit]