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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai small TSU.png
U+3063, っ
HIRAGANA LETTER SMALL TU

[U+3062]
Hiragana
[U+3064]

Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Small form of the hiragana character (tsu).

Pronunciation[edit]

If preceding a consonant, results in the following consonant being geminate; an English example is cattail – see Gemination: English for further discussion.

If ending a word, results in the word ending in a glottal stop.

In no case is it pronounced like the full-size つ (tsu).

Combining form[edit]

  1. The sokuon: a small form of (tsu). In romanization, this is represented by doubling the following consonant. The equivalent in katakana is .
    いっぱい — ippai
    もっと — motto
    すっぱい — suppai
    おっぱい — oppai
  2. A glottal stop or “choked sound”.
    あっ!
    Ah!

Usage notes[edit]

Primarily used as the sokuon (for gemination), which is a common sound. Used as a glottal stop at the end of interjections, primarily expressions of surprise or effort.

See also[edit]

Infix[edit]

  1. (colloquial) very, super. Inserted after the first syllable of an adjective, an adverb, or an ABAB-type onomatopoeia.
    でかい→でっかい
    dekai → dekkai
    huge → enormous!
    とても→とっても
    totemo → tottemo
    completely → totally!
    ぽかぽか→ぽっかぽか
    pokapoka → pokkapoka
    pleasantly warm → toasty warm
    あつあつ→あっつあつ
    atsuatsu → attsuatsu
    hot → super-hot