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See also: , , and き゚
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai KI.png
U+304D, き
HIRAGANA LETTER KI

[U+304C]
Hiragana
[U+304E]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style. Variants include those derived by similar process from , , , , and .

Syllable[edit]

(romaji ki)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ki). Its equivalent in katakana is (ki). It is the seventh syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ka-gyō i-dan, row ka, section i).
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
き【木・樹】
[noun]a tree or shrub
[noun]wood, timber, lumber
[noun](graph theory, computer science) a tree (data structure)
[noun](theater, sumo, etc.) a clapper used to signal the opening or closing of a match or play
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
1
[noun]spirit, mood
[noun]inclination, will, mood, urge
[noun]feeling, sense
[noun]air, gas
[noun]air, nature, disposition, sense
2
2
2
[noun]a chronicle
[suffix]chronicle, history, account, record
[proper noun]Short for 古事記 (Kojiki): the oldest extant record of the history of ancient Japan
[proper noun]a surname
3
3
[suffix]period (of time)
[suffix](television show) season
[suffix]geological age
4
4
4
[ ]A surname​.
4
4
[noun]banner (type of administrative division in Inner Mongolia, China)
4
[affix]device; instrument
[affix]container; vessel
[suffix]device; instrument
4
[noun]a machine, a device; a contraption
[noun]a loom
[noun]an opportunity, a chance to do something; the right time or moment
[noun]something of great importance: the linchpin of the matter
[noun]resourcefulness
[noun](Buddhism) the moment of being moved into action by the teachings of the Buddha: see 機根 (kikon)
[noun]by extension, the workings of the heart or mind in general
[noun]in Noh theater, the breath of the mind
[noun]short for 飛行機 (hikōki): an airplane, an aircraft
[noun]short for 機関銃 (kikanjū): a machine gun
[counter]indicates aircraft
[counter]indicates paper aeroplanes
[counter](from the chance sense) indicates lives in video games
[suffix]indicates machines
[suffix]indicates airplanes
5
[counter]counter for grounded things (e.g. pyramids, electric power plants, wells, toro (Japanese traditional lantern), tombs)
[counter]counter for wooden grave tablet (卒塔婆(そとば) (sotoba))
5
5
6
[proper noun]the sixth of the ten Heavenly Stems
6
6
6
6
[prefix](archaic) added to nouns related to people to indicate superiority
[prefix](archaic) added to nouns to indicate respect and possession: your
[suffix]added after nouns related to people to express love and respect
S
S
S
S
[noun]mourning
[noun]anniversary of someone's death
S
S
[affix]to pray
[affix]to wish
S
S
[suffix]girl; maiden; woman
S
S
[affix]hungry; starve
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
[affix]riding on horses
[affix]horseperson
[counter]horseperson
J
J
J
J
J
J
H
H
[proper noun]something J; the tenth of the ten Heavenly Stems
H
H
H
H
H
H
[affix]hope for, look forward to, wish
[proper noun](historical) Short for 冀州 (Kishū): Ji Province
[proper noun]Synonym of 河北 (Kahoku): Hebei Province
H
H
H
H
(This term, , is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi , not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading き.

Etymology 4[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(-ki)

  1. (Classical Japanese) Indicates past tense: -ed
    Used when the speaker has directly experienced the event described, as opposed to けり.

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Follows the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of inflectable words, except:

終止形 (terminal) 連体形 (continuative) 已然形 (realis)
() (ku) + (unattested) こし (koshi) こしか (koshika)
(su) + しき (shiki) せし (seshi) せしか (seshika)

This word is morphologically an inflectional suffix. It is classified as 助動詞 (jodōshi, auxiliary verb) in traditional Japanese grammar.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]