Variant of 龜, simplified from 龜. The modern Japanese usage is of reform (shinjitai) nature.
亀 (Kangxi radical 213, 亀+0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓田中山 (NWLU), four-corner 27716, composition ⿻龟日)
- 𫣒, 𠼓, 𭒗, 𭧛, 𪚲, 𪳥, 穐, 𦅥, 𫝰, 䆴, 𫠝, 䦰, 䰗, 𦿷
- Kangxi Dictionary: not present, would follow page 142, character 28
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 210
- Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 8 (in addendum), page 10, character 19
- Unihan data for U+4E80
|For pronunciation and definitions of 亀 – see 龜 (“turtle; tortoise; cuckold; etc.”).|
(This character, 亀, is a variant form of 龜.)
(common “Jōyō” kanji, shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form 龜)
⟨kame2⟩ → */kaməɨ/ → /kame/
From Old Japanese.
(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “What is etymological meaning?”)
亀 • (kame)
- a tortoise or turtle (land or marine reptile with a shell)
2007, Kōsuke Hasumi, The Biology of Fairy Tales, page 28:
- Yasunde makete shimatta usagi to yasumazu hashitte shōri shita kame.
- The tortoise ran without resting and won, and the hare rested and lost.
- (by extension, figurative, as turtles are thought to be good drinkers) a drunkard
- a 家紋 (kamon, “family crest”) with various designs of tortoises
- (figurative) sluggishness; also, such a person
- a shrugger
- (slang, as it resembles a turtle's neck) a penis
As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as カメ.
From Middle Chinese 龜 (MC kwij).
亀 • (ki)
- tortoise, turtle
- tortoise shell used in divination
亀 • (gwi, gyun) (hangeul 귀, 균, revised gwi, gyun, McCune–Reischauer kwi, kyun)
- a turtle's or tortoise's shell