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See also:
U+4E80, 亀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E80
乿
[U+4E7F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E81]
U+2EF2, ⻲
CJK RADICAL J-SIMPLIFIED TURTLE

[U+2EF1]
CJK Radicals Supplement
[U+2EF3]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
亀-order.gif
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Variant of , simplified from . The modern Japanese usage is of reform (shinjitai) nature.

Han character[edit]

(radical 213, +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓田中山 (NWLU), four-corner 27716, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 142, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 210
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 8 (in addendum), page 10, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+4E80

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“turtle; tortoise; cuckold; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kɨu), as in 亀茲 (Kyūji)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かめ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)
(kame): a turtle.

⟨kame2 → */kaməɨ//kame/

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(かめ) (kame

  1. a tortoise or turtle (land or marine reptile with a shell)
    • 2007, Kōsuke Hasumi, The Biology of Fairy Tales (page 28)
      (やす)んで()けてしまったウサギと(やす)まず(はし)って勝利(しょうり)したカメ
      Yasunde makete shimatta usagi to yasumazu hashitte shōri shita kame.
      The tortoise that ran without resting and won, and the hare that rested and lost.
  2. (by extension, figuratively, as turtles are thought to be good drinkers) a drunkard
  3. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with various designs of tortoises
  4. (figuratively) sluggishness; also, such a person
  5. a shrugger
  6. (slang, as it resembles a turtle's neck) a penis
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as カメ.

Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠiuɪ).

Affix[edit]

() (ki

  1. tortoise, turtle
  2. tortoise shell used in divination
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwi, gyun) (hangeul , , revised gwi, gyun, McCune–Reischauer kwi, kyun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.