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See also: and
U+9F9C, 龜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F9C

[U+9F9B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F9D]
U+2EF1, ⻱
CJK RADICAL TURTLE

[U+2EF0]
CJK Radicals Supplement
[U+2EF2]
U+2FD4, ⿔
KANGXI RADICAL TURTLE

[U+2FD3]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FD5]
U+F907, 龜
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F907

[U+F906]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F908]
U+F908, 龜
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F908

[U+F907]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F909]
U+FACE, 龜
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FACE

[U+FACD]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FACF]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
龜-order.gif
Stroke order
(Hong Kong)
龜-horder.gif
Stroke order
(alternative)
龜-aorder.gif
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 213, +0, 18 strokes in traditional Chinese, Japanese and Korean, 16 strokes in mainland China, cangjie input 竹月尸尸 (HBSS) or 弓X山 (NXU), four-corner 27117)

  1. Kangxi radical #213, .

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1537, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48847
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2078, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4809, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+9F9C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
龜-oracle.svg 龜-bronze.svg 龜-seal.svg 龜-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形): A drawing of a turtle seen from the side and from above (Bronze inscriptions).

Etymology 1[edit]

Austroasiatic. Compare Mon ဂွိ (kwìˀ, freshwater turtle), Nyah Kur [script needed] (thəwi̤iʔ, freshwater soft-shelled tortoise) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ku - vernacular;
  • kui - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 1jy - vernacular;
    • 1kue - literary.
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (18)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠiuɪ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷᵚi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiuɪ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kjwi/
    Li
    Rong
    /kjui/
    Wang
    Li
    /kwi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guī
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guī guī
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjuw › ‹ kwij ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷə/ /*[k]ʷrə/
    English tortoise tortoise

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 4616
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷrɯ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. turtle; tortoise
    2. (figurative) cuckold
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Zhuang: gvi

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kuw/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiu/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiū
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 4614
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷɯ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 龜茲龟兹 (Qiūcí).

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (of skin) to crack; to become chapped

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    Readings[edit]

    • Go-on: (ki)
    • Kan-on: (ki)
    • Kun: かめ (kame, )

    From Middle Chinese (MC kɨu), as in 龜茲 (Kyūji)

    Definitions[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かめ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi
    Kanji in this term

    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    かめS
    [noun] a tortoise or turtle (land or marine reptile with a shell)
    [noun] (by extension, figurative, as turtles are thought to be good drinkers) a drunkard
    [noun] a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with various designs of tortoises
    [noun] (figurative) sluggishness; also, such a person
    [noun] a shrugger
    [noun] (slang, as it resembles a turtle's neck) a penis
    Alternative spelling
    カメ
    S
    [affix] tortoise, turtle
    [affix] tortoise shell used in divination
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above terms.)

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC kˠiuɪ). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: kwi) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • Phonetic hangeul: []

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 거북 (geobuk gwi))

    1. Hanja form? of (tortoise, turtle).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC kɨu). Recorded as Middle Korean 쿠ᇢ* (Yale: khwuw) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • Phonetic hangeul: []

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 이름 (ttang ireum gu))

    1. Hanja form? of (a placename).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    From Middle Chinese . Recorded as Middle Korean * (Yale: kyun) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • Phonetic hangeul: []

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 터질 (teojil gyun))

    1. Hanja form? of (crack).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Old Japanese[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Proto-Japonic *kamaCi.[1]

    Noun[edit]

    (kame2) (kana かめ)

    1. a tortoise, turtle
      • 711712, Kojiki (Second scroll, Yamasachihiko and Umisachihiko)
        ...乘釣乍打羽擧來人遇于速吸門...
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    2. a tortoise shell used in 亀卜 (kiboku, tortoise-shell divination)
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 16, poem 3811), text here
        ...千磐破神爾毛莫負卜部座毛莫燒曾戀之久爾...
        ...tipayaburu kami2 ni mo na opose urape2 mase kame2 mo na yaki1 so2 ko1pi2siku ni...
        ...mighty gods that carry not the burden, do divination with the unburnt tortoise shell with longing...

    Descendants[edit]

    • Japanese: (kame)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Martin, Samuel E. (1987) The Japanese Language Through Time, New Haven, London: Yale University Press, →ISBN

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (qui, quân, quy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.