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U+9F9C, 龜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F9C

[U+9F9B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F9D]
U+F907, 龜
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F907

[U+F906]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F908]
U+F908, 龜
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F908

[U+F907]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F909]
U+FACE, 龜
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FACE

[U+FACD]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FACF]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
龜-order.gif
Stroke order
(Hong Kong)
龜-horder.gif
Stroke order
(alternative)
龜-aorder.gif
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 213, +0, 18 strokes in traditional Chinese, Japanese and Korean, 16 strokes in mainland China, cangjie input 竹月尸尸 (HBSS) or 弓X山 (NXU), four-corner 27117)

  1. Kangxi radical #213, .

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1537, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48847
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2078, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4809, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+9F9C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
龜-oracle.svg 龜-bronze.svg 龜-seal.svg 龜-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷɯ, *kʷruʔ
*kʷɯ, *kʷrɯ

Pictogram (象形).

Etymology 1[edit]

Austroasiatic. Compare Mon ဂွိ (kwìˀ, freshwater turtle), Nyah Kur [script needed] (thəwi̤iʔ, freshwater soft-shelled tortoise) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ku - vernacular;
  • kui - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 1jy - vernacular;
    • 1kue - literary.
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (18)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠiuɪ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷᵚi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiuɪ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kjwi/
    Li
    Rong
    /kjui/
    Wang
    Li
    /kwi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guī
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guī guī
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjuw › ‹ kwij ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷə/ /*[k]ʷrə/
    English tortoise tortoise

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 4616
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷrɯ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. turtle; tortoise
    2. (figuratively) cuckold
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of 烏龜 (“tortoise; turtle”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 烏龜
    Mandarin Beijing 烏龜
    Taiwan 烏龜
    Harbin
    Shenyang 烏龜
    Hailar 烏龜
    Ulan Hot 烏龜
    Tongliao 烏龜
    Chifeng 烏龜王八
    Bayanhot 烏龜
    Jinan 烏龜
    Luoyang 烏龜
    Xi'an 烏龜
    Xining 烏龜王八
    Xuzhou 烏龜
    Yinchuan 烏龜
    Lanzhou 烏龜
    Ürümqi 烏龜
    Wuhan 烏龜四腳爬爬爬
    Huanggang 王八
    Chengdu 烏龜
    Guiyang 烏龜
    Liuzhou 烏龜
    Kunming 烏龜
    Yangzhou 烏龜
    Nanjing 烏龜
    Hefei 烏龜
    Cantonese Guangzhou 烏龜
    Hong Kong 烏龜
    Shunde 烏龜
    Foshan 烏龜
    Zhongshan 烏龜
    Dongguan 烏龜
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 昂龜
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 烏龜
    Taishan 烏龜
    Kaiping 烏龜
    Shaoguan 烏龜
    Yunfu 烏龜
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi 烏龜
    Lianjiang 烏龜
    Kuala Lumpur 烏龜
    Gan Nanchang 烏龜
    Lichuan 烏龜
    Pingxiang 烏龜
    Hakka Meixian 烏龜龜仔
    Yudu 烏龜
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 龜仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 龜仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 龜仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong 烏龜
    Senai 烏龜
    Huizhou Jixi 烏龜
    Jin Taiyuan 王八烏龜
    Baochang 烏龜
    Jining 烏龜
    Hohhot 王八
    Baotou 烏龜
    Dongsheng 王八
    Linhe 烏龜
    Haibowan 王八
    Min Bei Jian'ou 烏龜
    Min Dong Fuzhou 烏龜
    Min Nan Xiamen 烏龜
    Quanzhou 烏龜
    Zhangzhou 烏龜
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang
    Yilan
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore 烏龜
    Chaozhou 烏龜
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Pinghua Nanning
    Wu Shanghai 烏龜
    Suzhou 烏龜
    Wuxi 烏龜
    Hangzhou 烏龜
    Wenzhou 烏龜
    Chongming 烏龜
    Danyang 烏龜王八八王八
    Jinhua 烏龜
    Ningbo 烏龜王八
    Xiang Changsha 烏龜王八
    Shuangfeng 烏龜
    Loudi 烏龜

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kuw/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiu/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiū
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 4614
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷɯ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 龜茲龟兹 (Qiūcí).

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (of skin) to crack; to become chapped

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. turtle

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): (ki); きゅう (kyū); きん (kin)
    • Kun: かめ (kame, )

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 거북 (geobuk gwi))

    1. tortoise, turtle

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 이름 (ttang ireum gu))

    1. Only used in 龜玆 (Guja)

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 터질 (teojil gyun))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (qui, quân, quy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.