From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
U+9F9C, 龜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F9C

[U+9F9B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F9D]
U+2FD4, ⿔
KANGXI RADICAL TURTLE

[U+2FD3]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FD5]
U+2EF1, ⻱
CJK RADICAL TURTLE

[U+2EF0]
CJK Radicals Supplement
[U+2EF2]
U+F907, 龜
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F907

[U+F906]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F908]
U+F908, 龜
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F908

[U+F907]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F909]

U+FACE, 龜
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FACE

[U+FACD]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FACF]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
Stroke order
(Hong Kong)
Stroke order
(alternative)
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 213, +0, 18 strokes in traditional Chinese, Japanese and Korean, 16 strokes in mainland China, cangjie input 竹月尸尸 (HBSS) or 弓難山 (NXU), four-corner 27117, composition ⿹⿷⿻𢑑(H) or ⿻⿻⿴⿹𠃌(G) or 丿⿻⿻⿴⿹𠃌)

  1. Kangxi radical #213, .

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1537, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48847
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2078, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4809, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+9F9C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Pictogram (象形) : A drawing of a turtle seen from the side and from above (Bronze inscriptions).

Etymology 1[edit]

Austroasiatic. Compare Mon ဂွိ (gwi, soft-shell turtle), Nyah Kur ทะวี่ʔ (tha wìiʼ, soft-shell turtle) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ku - vernacular;
  • kui - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 1jy - vernacular;
    • 1kue - literary.
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (18)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter kwij
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠiuɪ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷᵚi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiuɪ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kjwi/
    Li
    Rong
    /kjui/
    Wang
    Li
    /kwi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guī
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gwai1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guī
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwij ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷrə/
    English tortoise

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 4616
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷrɯ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. turtle; tortoise (Classifier: c)
    2. (figurative) cuckold
    3. (Cantonese, humorous) signature (Classifier: c)
      [Cantonese]  ―  waak6 zek3 gwai1 [Jyutping]  ―  (humorous) to sign (literally, “to draw a turtle”)
    4. (Hong Kong Cantonese, slang) police
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (tortoise):

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Zhuang: gvi

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter kjuw
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kuw/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiu/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiū
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gau1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guī
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjuw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷə/
    English tortoise

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 4614
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷɯ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 龜茲龟兹 (Qiūcí).

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (of skin) to crack; to become chapped

    Compounds[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    Readings[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC kjuw), as in 龜茲 (Kyūji)

    Definitions[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かめ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi
    Kanji in this term

    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    S
    [kanji] Hyōgaiji kanji
    Kanji reading:
    こん, きん
    (This term, , is the kyūjitai of the above term.)

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC kwij).

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 거북 (geobuk gwi))

    1. Hanja form? of (tortoise; turtle).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC kjuw).

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 이름 (ttang ireum gu))

    1. Hanja form? of (used in placenames).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    From Middle Chinese .

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 터질 (teojil gyun))

    1. Hanja form? of (crack).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Old Japanese[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Proto-Japonic *kamaCi.[1]

    Noun[edit]

    (kame2) (kana かめ)

    1. a tortoise, turtle
    2. a tortoise shell used in 亀卜 (kiboku, tortoise-shell divination)
      • c. 759, Man’yōshū, book 16, poem 3811:
        , text here
        ...千磐破神爾毛莫負卜部座毛莫燒曾戀之久爾...
        ...tipayaburu kami2 ni mo na opose urape2 mase kame2 mo na yaki1 so2 ko1pi2siku ni...
        ...mighty gods that carry not the burden, do divination with the unburnt tortoise shell with longing...

    Descendants[edit]

    • Japanese: (kame)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Martin, Samuel E. (1987) The Japanese Language Through Time, New Haven, London: Yale University Press, →ISBN

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: qui, quân, quy

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.