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U+5951, 契
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5951

[U+5950]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5952]
U+F909, 契
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F909

[U+F908]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F90A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 37, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手竹大 (QHK), four-corner 57432, composition(GHTKV) or ⿱𭃌(J))

  1. deed, contract, bond
  2. engrave

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 251, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5917
  • Dae Jaweon: page 513, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 536, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5951

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script
㓞-oracle.svg 㓞-bronze.svg 契-bronze-spring.svg 栔-silk.svg 契-slip.svg 契-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰoŋ, *boŋ, *ɡaːds
*kreːds
*kʰjeds, *ɡeːds, *kʰjed
*ɡjeds
*kʰeːds, *kʰeːd, *kʰeːd, *kʰɯd
*kʰeːds
*ɡeːds
*ɡeːds
*kreːd, *sqʰeːd
*kʰreːd
*qreːd, *kraːd, *kʰeːd
*qreːd
*sqʰeːd
*sqʰeːd
*keːd
*keːd, *ɡeːd
*keːd, *kʰeːd
*kʰeːd
*kʰeːd
*ŋeːd
*qʰeːd
*ŋ̊ʰeːɡ

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • khòe - vernacular;
    • khè - literary.
  • (Teochew)

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰeiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰeiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɛiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɛjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰeiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰieiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰieiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qiè
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khejH › ‹ khet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[kʰ]ˁet-s/ /*kʰˁet/
    English script notches cut

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    No. 6493
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰeːds/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. contract; deed
    2. to agree; to conform with; to tally with
    3. (literary) to carve; to engrave
    4. (literary) carved writing; engraved writing
    5. (Cantonese, Min Nan) adopted; adoptive; foster
    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (58)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiət̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiət̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭət̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯ət̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qi
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 4/4
    No. 6519
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 契丹 (Qìdān).

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Etymology 4[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (87)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰet̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰet̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɛt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɛt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰet̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰiet̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰiet̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qie
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qiè
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰˁet/
    English 契闊 hard-working (Ode 31.4)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/4 3/4
    No. 6511 6514
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰeːd/ /*kʰeːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. pledge (allegiance)
    2. commit oneself
    3. promise (loyalty)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana ひさし, rōmaji Hisashi)

    1. A male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gye, geul) (hangeul , , revised gye, geul, McCune–Reischauer kye, kŭl)

    1. deed
    2. contract, bond
    3. engrave

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khế, khé, khè, khía, khít, khẻ, khẽ, khịt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.