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U+5951, 契
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5951

[U+5950]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5952]
U+F909, 契
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F909

[U+F908]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F90A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手竹大 (QHK), four-corner 57432, composition)

  1. deed, contract, bond
  2. engrave

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 251, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5917
  • Dae Jaweon: page 513, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 536, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5951

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰoŋ, *boŋ, *ɡaːds
*kreːds
*kʰjeds, *ɡeːds, *kʰjed
*ɡjeds
*kʰeːds, *kʰeːd, *kʰeːd, *kʰɯd
*kʰeːds
*ɡeːds
*ɡeːds
*kreːd, *sqʰeːd
*kʰreːd
*qreːd, *kraːd, *kʰeːd
*qreːd
*sqʰeːd
*sqʰeːd
*keːd
*keːd, *ɡeːd
*keːd, *kʰeːd
*kʰeːd
*kʰeːd
*ŋeːd
*qʰeːd
*ŋ̊ʰeːɡ

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • khòe - vernacular;
    • khè - literary.
  • (Teochew)

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰeiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰeiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɛiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɛjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰeiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰieiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰieiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qiè
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khejH › ‹ khet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[kʰ]ˤet-s/ /*kʰˤet/
    English script notches cut

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    No. 6493
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰeːds/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. contract; deed
    2. to agree; to conform with; to tally with
    3. (literary) to carve; to engrave
    4. (literary) carved writing; engraved writing
    5. (Cantonese, Min Nan) adopted; adoptive; foster
    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (58)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiət̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiət̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭət̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯ət̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qi
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 4/4
    No. 6519
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 契丹 (Qìdān).

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    alt. forms

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Etymology 4[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (87)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰet̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰet̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɛt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɛt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰet̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰiet̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰiet̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qie
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qiè
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰˤet/
    English 契闊 hard-working (Ode 31.4)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/4 3/4
    No. 6511 6514
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰeːd/ /*kʰeːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. pledge (allegiance)
    2. commit oneself
    3. promise (loyalty)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana ひさし, rōmaji Hisashi)

    1. A male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gye, geul) (hangeul , , revised gye, geul, McCune-Reischauer kye, kŭl)

    1. deed
    2. contract, bond
    3. engrave

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khế, khé, khè, khía, khít, khẻ, khẽ, khịt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.