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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手竹大 (QHK), four-corner 57432, composition)

  1. deed, contract, bond
  2. engrave

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 251, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5917
  • Dae Jaweon: page 513, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 536, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5951

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (29)
Final: (39)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰeiH/ /kʰeiH/ /kʰɛiH/ /kʰɛjH/ /kʰeiH/ /kʰieiH/ /kʰieiH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (29)
Final: (58)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɨt̚/ /kʰɨt̚/ /kʰiət̚/ /kʰɨt̚/ /kʰiət̚/ /kʰĭət̚/ /kʰi̯ət̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (29)
Final: (87)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qie
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰet̚/ /kʰet̚/ /kʰɛt̚/ /kʰɛt̚/ /kʰet̚/ /kʰiet̚/ /kʰiet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khejH › /*[kʰ]ˤet-s/ script notches
qiè ‹ khet › /*kʰˤet/ 契闊 hard-working (Ode 31.4)
qiè ‹ khet › /*kʰˤet/ cut

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6493 2 /*kʰeːds/
6511 2 /*kʰeːd/
6514 2 /*kʰeːd/
6519 1 /*kʰɯd/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. pledge (allegiance)
  2. commit oneself
  3. promise (loyalty)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 契約 ‎(けいやく, keiyaku, contract, agreement)

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひさし, romaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gye, geul) (hangeul , , revised gye, geul, McCune-Reischauer kye, kŭl)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khế, khé, khè, khía, khít, khẻ, khẽ, khịt)

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