- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈfɒstə/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈfɔstɚ/
- (Canada, cot–caught merger) IPA(key): /ˈfɑstɚ/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (AU) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɒstə(ɹ)
Cognate with Middle Dutch voester (“nursemaid”), Middle Low German vôster (“food”), Old Norse fóstr (“nurturing, education, alimony, child support”), Danish foster (“fetus”), Swedish foster (“fetus”).
foster (not comparable)
- Providing parental care to children not related to oneself.
- foster parents
- Receiving such care.
- a foster child
- Related by such care.
- We are a foster family.
- (countable, informal) A foster parent.
- Some fosters end up adopting.
- (uncountable) The care given to another; guardianship.
- (transitive) To nurture or bring up offspring, or to provide similar parental care to an unrelated child.
- c. 1588–1593, [William Shakespeare], The Most Lamentable Romaine Tragedie of Titus Andronicus: As It was Plaide by the Right Honourable the Earle of Darbie, Earle of Pembrooke, and Earle of Sussex Their Seruants (the First Quarto), London: Printed by Iohn Danter, and are to be sold by Edward White & Thomas Millington, at the little North doore of Paules at the signe of the Gunne, published 1594, OCLC 222241046, [Act II, scene iii]:
- Some ſay that Rauens foſter forlorne children, / The whilſt their owne birds famiſh in their neſts: / Oh be to me though thy hard hart ſay no, / Nothing ſo kinde but ſomething pittiful.
- (transitive) To cultivate and grow something.
- Our company fosters an appreciation for the arts.
- 2016 February 23, Robbie Collin, “Grimsby review: ‘Sacha Baron Cohen’s vital, venomous action movie’”, in The Daily Telegraph (London):
- Grimsby doesn't ever wound quite as devastatingly as Borat or Brüno, but it's a vital, lavish, venomously profane two fingers up at Benefits Street pity porn and the social division it fosters.
- (transitive) To nurse or cherish something.
- (intransitive, obsolete) To be nurtured or trained up together.
Modern English makes a distinction between fostering (which is implied to be temporary or informal) and adopting (which is permanent and makes the child legally recognized as part of the family). In older usage the two terms were more interchangeable.
- (cultivate and grow): hinder
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
foster (plural fosters)
Inherited from Old English fōster, from Proto-West Germanic *fōstr, from Proto-Germanic *fōstrą; reinforced by Old English fōstre (“fosterer”). The vocalism is due to regular shortening before a three-consonant cluster (in the Old English oblique stem fōstr-).
foster (plural *fostres)
- A child; one of one's progeny.
- (chiefly Early Middle English) Food or other care.
- (rare) A foster child or adopted child.
- (rare) A foster parent or adoptee.
- “foster, n.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- “forstē̆r, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- Alternative form of
- Alternative form of
- “foster” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
- “foster” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
- fōsterbearn n (“foster child”)
- fōsterbrōþor m (“foster brother”)
- fōsterċild n (“foster child”)
- fōsterfæder m (“foster father, nourisher”)
- fōsterland n (“land assigned for the procuring of provisions”)
- fōsterlēan n (“remuneration for raising a foster child”)
- fōsterling m (“foster child, fosterling”)
- fōsterman m (“foster man, bondsman, security”)
- fōstermōdor f (“foster mother”)
- fōsternōþ m (“pasturage, pasture”)
- fōstersweostor (“foster sister”)
- fōstre f (“fosterer, nurse”)
- fōstrian (“to foster, nourish”)
- fōstring m (“native, disciple”)
- Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller (1898), “fōster”, in An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
|Declension of foster|