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See also: xiang

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
想-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *slaŋʔ): phonetic  ‎(OC *slaŋ, *slaŋs) + semantic  ‎(heart, mind) – to think, to consider.

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木山心 (DUP), four-corner 46330, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 392, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10858
  • Dae Jaweon: page 728, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2320, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+60F3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final: (105)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xiǎng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɨɐŋX/ /siɐŋX/ /siɑŋX/ /sɨaŋX/ /siaŋX/ /sĭaŋX/ /si̯aŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiǎng ‹ sjangX › /*[s]aŋʔ/ think

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13585 0 /*slaŋʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. think (to conceive of something or someone)
    • 衰老  ―  xiǎng tā shì shuāilǎo le.  ―  I think she's going senile.
  2. to think about; to plan; to be considering
    • 暑假打工  ―  xiǎng zài shǔjiǎ dǎgōng.  ―  I'm planning to get a job for the summer.
  3. to think; to suppose; to guess; to reckon
  4. to want; to wish for; to desire
  5. to miss (to feel the absence of someone or something)
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. thought, idea, concept

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang, Yale sang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tưởng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.