空想

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Chinese

[edit]
emptied; leisure; air
emptied; leisure; air; sky; empty; in vain
 
to think; to believe; to suppose
to think; to believe; to suppose; to wish; to want; to miss
 
trad. (空想)
simp. #(空想)

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (29) (16)
Final () (1) (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Baxter khuwng sjangX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuŋ/ /sɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuŋ/ /siɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuŋ/ /siɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəwŋ/ /sɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/kʰuŋ/ /siaŋX/
Wang
Li
/kʰuŋ/ /sĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuŋ/ /si̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kōng xiǎng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hung1 soeng2

Noun

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空想

  1. fantasy; dream

Synonyms

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Verb

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空想

  1. to fantasize; to daydream

Synonyms

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Adjective

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空想

  1. (attributive) utopian

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (空想):

Japanese

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Kanji in this term
くう
Grade: 1
そう
Grade: 3
goon

Etymology

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Ultimately from Middle Chinese 空想 (kʰuŋ sɨɐŋX, literally fictional, fabricated + think, thought).

The sense of fantasy is first cited in Japanese to 1886,[1] and probably reflects a Rangaku and Meiji era style of repurposing older terminology to translate unfamiliar Western concepts.

The Buddhist sense is older, and was borrowed into Japanese along with various Chinese Buddhist texts. This term is included in the 摩訶止観 (Maka Shikan), better known in English by its Chinese pronunciation, the Mohe Zhiguan, completed some time in the early 600s.[1]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(くう)(そう) (kūsōくうさう (kuusau)?

  1. [from 1886] fantasy, daydream; something imagined
  2. [from 600s] (Buddhism) thought that exhibits attachment to sunyata

Derived terms

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Verb

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(くう)(そう)する (kūsō suruくうさう (kuusau)?suru (stem (くう)(そう) (kūsō shi), past (くう)(そう)した (kūsō shita))

  1. [from 1886] to fantasize
  2. [from 600s] (Buddhism) to think in a way that exhibits attachment to sunyata

Conjugation

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References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 空想”, in 日本国語大辞典 [Nihon Kokugo Daijiten]‎[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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空想 (gongsang) (hangeul 공상)

  1. Hanja form? of 공상.

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Adjective

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空想

  1. chữ Hán form of không tưởng (unrealistic; utopian).