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U+5169, 兩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5169

[U+5168]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+516A]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified
Stroke order
兩-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 11 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一中月人 (MLBO), four-corner 10227, composition𠓜 or ⿻)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 126, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1436
  • Dae Jaweon: page 272, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 24, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5169

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raŋʔ
*raŋʔ, *raŋs
*raŋʔ
*raŋʔ, *raŋs
*raŋʔ
*raŋʔ
*raŋs

Two side by side. (OC *pqraŋʔ) was originally phonetic for (OC *raŋʔ, *raŋs).

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “are the two pronunciations etymologically related?”

Derivative: (OC *raŋs, “chariot”) (“paired > a set of wheels”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lâng - vernacular;
  • liōng - literary.
Note:
  • nn̄g/nňg/nō͘ - vernacular;
  • lióng - literary.
Note:
  • no6 - vernacular;
  • liang2 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (105) (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨɐŋX/ /lɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɐŋX/ /liɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/liɑŋX/ /liɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨaŋX/ /lɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/liaŋX/ /liaŋH/
Wang
Li
/lĭaŋX/ /lĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯aŋX/ /li̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liǎng liàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*p.raŋʔ/
English a pair

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8054 8061
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raŋʔ/ /*raŋs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. two
  2. some; few
Synonyms[edit]
  • (èr, “two”)
Usage notes[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. tael (an ancient unit of weight for silver, approximately 40 grams)
  2. market tael (市兩市两) (equal to 50 grams)

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. both

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (also kyūjitai)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryang) (hangeul , revised ryang, McCune-Reischauer ryang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lưỡng, lạng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.