Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: and
U+5169, 兩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5169

[U+5168]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+516A]
U+F978, 兩
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F978

[U+F977]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F979]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified
Stroke order
兩-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 11 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一中月人 (MLBO), four-corner 10227, composition𠓜)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms especially “tael”

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raŋʔ
*raŋʔ, *raŋs
*raŋʔ
*raŋʔ, *raŋs
*raŋʔ
*raŋʔ
*raŋs

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Derivative: (OC *raŋs, “chariot”) (“paired > a set of wheels”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • lâng - vernacular;
  • liōng - literary.
Note:
  • nn̄g/nňg/nō͘ - vernacular;
  • lióng - literary.
Note:
  • no6 - vernacular;
  • liang2 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (37)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/liɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/liaŋX/
Wang
Li
/lĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liǎng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*p.raŋʔ/
English a pair

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 8054
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. two
  2. some; few
  3. A surname​.
Usage notes[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
  • (èr, “two”)

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (37)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/liɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/liaŋX/
Wang
Li
/lĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liǎng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*p.raŋʔ/
English a pair

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 8054
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. tael (a traditional unit of weight)
    1. (Mainland China) Short for 市兩市两 (“market tael, equal to 1/10 of a catty or 50 grams”).
    2. (Hong Kong) equal to 1/16 of a catty or 37.7994 grams
    3. (Taiwan) Short for 臺兩台两 (“Taiwanese tael, equal to 1/16 of a catty or 37.5 grams”).
  2. Short for 公兩公两 (“hectogram”).

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (37)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/liɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/liaŋH/
Wang
Li
/lĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liàng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 8061
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raŋs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Original form of (liàng).

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. both

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (also kyūjitai)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

(ryang) (hangeul , revised ryang, McCune-Reischauer ryang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Pronunciation 2[edit]

(nyang) (hangeul , revised nyang, McCune-Reischauer nyang, Yale nyang)

  1. Hanja form? of , “a liang, a small unit of weight equivalent to about 40 g”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lưỡng, lạng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.