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U+5169, 兩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5169

[U+5168]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+516A]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified
Stroke order
兩-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 11 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一中月人 (MLBO), four-corner 10227, composition𠓜 or ⿻)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 126, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1436
  • Dae Jaweon: page 272, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 24, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5169

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raŋʔ
*raŋʔ, *raŋs
*raŋʔ
*raŋʔ, *raŋs
*raŋʔ
*raŋʔ
*raŋs

Two side by side. (OC *pqraŋʔ) was originally phonetic for (OC *raŋʔ, *raŋs).

Etymology 1[edit]

From the sense of as a pair or couple.

Derivative: (OC *raŋs, “chariot”) (“paired > a set of wheels”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lâng - vernacular;
  • liōng - literary.
Note:
  • nn̄g/nňg/nō͘ - vernacular;
  • lióng - literary.
Note:
  • no6 - vernacular;
  • liang2 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (105) (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨɐŋX/ /lɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɐŋX/ /liɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/liɑŋX/ /liɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨaŋX/ /lɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/liaŋX/ /liaŋH/
Wang
Li
/lĭaŋX/ /lĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯aŋX/ /li̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liǎng liàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*p.raŋʔ/
English a pair

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8054 8061
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raŋʔ/ /*raŋs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. two
  2. some; few
Synonyms[edit]
  • (èr, “two”)
Usage notes[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the sense of as a scale or set of scales.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. tael (an ancient unit of weight for silver, approximately 40 grams)
  2. market tael (市兩市两) (equal to 50 grams)

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. both

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (also kyūjitai)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryang) (hangeul , revised ryang, McCune-Reischauer ryang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lưỡng, lạng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.