양반

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Korean[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (North Korea) 량반 (ryangban)

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 兩班, from (both) + (groups), referring to 문반 (文班, munban, “civil vassal”) and 무반 (武班, muban, “military vassal”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?yangban
Revised Romanization (translit.)?yangban
McCune–Reischauer?yangban
Yale Romanization?yangpan

Noun[edit]

양반 (yangban) (hanja 兩班)

  1. (historical) civil nobility and military nobility [10th-13th c.]
  2. (historical) yangban class in Korea [from 14th c.]
  3. appellation to address a man
  4. husband

Usage notes[edit]

  • (appellation):
    • Used with an adjective: 점잖으신 양반 (jeomjaneusin yangban, “decent guy”), 바쁘신 양반 (bappeusin yangban, “busy man”)
    • Used with a noun: 신사양반 (sinsayangban, “gentleman”), 의사양반 (uisayangban, “doctor”)

Antonyms[edit]

  • (historical class):
    • 상놈 (sangnom, “a vulgar man”)
    • 쌍놈 (ssangnom, “a very vulgar man”)
    • 천민 (cheonmin, “lowest class”)
  • (spouse):

Derived terms[edit]