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U+4E19, 丙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E19

[U+4E18]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E1A]

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
丙-oracle.svg 丙-bronze.svg 丙-bigseal.svg 丙-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraːŋ, *kraːŋs
*kraːŋ
*kraːŋ, *kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋ
*kraːŋ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*ŋɡraːŋs, *ŋɡraːŋs
*ŋɡraːŋs
*pqraŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ, *praŋs
*praŋʔ, *praŋs
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ, *praŋs
*praŋs
*praŋs
*braŋs

Pictogram (象形) : the tail of a fish.

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一人月 (MOB), four-corner 10227, composition)

  1. the third of the ten heavenly stems
  2. third (“elder fire”)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 78, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35
  • Dae Jaweon: page 156, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 16, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E19

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: piáⁿ - vernacular, péng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠiæŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚiaŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/piaŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/piajŋX/
Li
Rong
/piɐŋX/
Wang
Li
/pĭɐŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯ɐŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bǐng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bǐng
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjængX ›
Old
Chinese
/*praŋʔ/
English 3d heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 883
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pqraŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. three; third
  2. (Cantonese slang) to beat

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. third in rank; third sign of the Chinese calendar

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(byeong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: byeong, McCune-Reischauer: pyŏng)
  • Name (hangeul): 남녘 (revised: namnyeok, McCune-Reischauer: namnǒk')
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bính, biếng)

  • This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999