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U+6897, 梗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6897

[U+6896]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6898]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 木一中大 (DMLK), four-corner 41946, composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms Cantonese vernacular
Cantonese vernacular

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraːŋ, *kraːŋs
*kraːŋ
*kraːŋ, *kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋ
*kraːŋ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*ŋɡraːŋs, *ŋɡraːŋs
*ŋɡraːŋs
*pqraŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ, *praŋs
*praŋʔ, *praŋs
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ, *praŋs
*praŋs
*praŋs
*braŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraːŋʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kraːŋ, *kraːŋs) – a type of plant.

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Schuessler (2007) only lists “strong” as being related to (OC *ɡaŋ, “strong”). Are all these senses related?”

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gang2 - literary;
  • kwaang2, gwaang2 - vernacular (“stem; stalk”).
  • Gan
  • Note:
    • gien3 - literary;
    • guang3 - vernacular (“stem; stalk”).
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note:
    • gǎing - literary;
    • guǎng - vernacular (“stem; stalk”).
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • gēng - literary;
    • guāng - vernacular (“stem; stalk”).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • kéng/kńg/kēng - literary;
    • kíⁿ/kéⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (109)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠæŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚaŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kaŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨjŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɐŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɐŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɐŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gěng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gěng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kængX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁraŋʔ/
    English suffering

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 871
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kraːŋʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative name for 刺榆 (“Hemiptelea davidii”).
    2. (of plants) to prick
    3. spiny plant
    4. stem; stalk
      葉兒 [MSC, trad.]
      叶儿 [MSC, simp.]
      Tā ài chī cài yèr, bù ài chī gěngr. [Pinyin]
      He loves to eat the leaves of vegetables, not the stems.
      中意中意 [Cantonese, trad.]
      中意中意 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Keoi5 zung1 ji3 sik6 jip6, m4 zung1 ji3 sik6 kwaang2. [Jyutping]
      He likes to eat the leaves, not the stem.
    5. broad outline; general idea; gist
    6. Alternative form of (gén, “punchline; reference; humorous reference; reference as a meme”).
      廣東人福建人什麼 [MSC, trad.]
      广东人福建人什么 [MSC, simp.]
      “guǎngdōngrén chī fújiànrén” shì shénme gěng? [Pinyin]
      What's the joke behind "Cantonese people eat Fujianese people?"
    7. to block; to obstruct; to hinder
    8. to resist; to defy
    9. to straighten up; to stiffen
    10. upright; straightforward; upstanding
    11. (Cantonese) stiff; tight
      [Cantonese, trad.]
      [Cantonese, simp.]
      Co5 zo2 seng4 jat6, co5 dou3 tiu4 jiu1 dou1 gang2 saai3. [Jyutping]
      My lower back's all stiff after sitting all day.
    12. (Cantonese) fixed; immovable
    13. (Cantonese) certainly; definitely; of course
      [Cantonese, trad.]
      [Cantonese, simp.]
      Nei5 gam3 lek1, gang2 wui5 wan2 dou3-2 gung1 ge3. [Jyutping]
      You're so smart; you'll definitely be able to find a job.
    14. strong; violent
    15. illness; disaster
    16. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune–Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ngành, cánh, cạnh, cành, chành, ngạnh, gánh, ngáng, ngánh, nhành, nhánh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.