桔梗

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Chinese[edit]

tangerine; Platycodon grandiflorus stem
simp. and trad.
(桔梗)
Wikipedia has an article on:
桔梗

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (87) (109)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ket̚/ /kˠæŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ket̚/ /kᵚaŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɛt̚/ /kaŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛt̚/ /kaɨjŋX/
Li
Rong
/ket̚/ /kɐŋX/
Wang
Li
/kiet̚/ /kɐŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kiet̚/ /kɐŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jie gěng

Noun[edit]

桔梗

  1. (traditional Chinese medicine) root of the balloon flower (Platycodon grandiflorus)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
桔梗 (kikyō): the Chinese bellflower

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
きょう
Grade: S
yutōyomi

/kikjau//kikjɔː//kikjoː/

From Middle Chinese 桔梗 (/ket̚ kˠæŋX/ invalid IPA characters (X)). Compare modern Cantonese reading git3 gang2.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

桔梗 (hiragana ききょう, katakana キキョウ, rōmaji kikyō, historical hiragana ききやう)

  1. (botany) the platycodon or Chinese bellflower, Platycodon grandiflorus
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as キキョウ.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
きち
Jinmeiyō
こう
Grade: S
on’yomi

/kitikau//kit͡ɕikɔː//kit͡ɕikoː/

From Middle Chinese 桔梗 (/ket̚ kˠæŋX/ invalid IPA characters (X)), using alternate kanji readings.[1]

This reading is less common than kikyō above, and may be obsolete.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

桔梗 (hiragana きちこう, rōmaji kichikō)

  1. (possibly obsolete) the platycodon or Chinese bellflower, Platycodon grandiflorus

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3