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U+845B, 葛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-845B

[U+845A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+845C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿日心女 (TAPV), four-corner 44727, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1045, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31420
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1506, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3248, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+845B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
葛-seal.svg 葛-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːd): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡaːd).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gě - standard in surname sense;
  • variant in other senses (proposed standard in Mainland).
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • kat - literary;
    • koah - vernacular.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (63)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ge
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kat ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁat/
    English Dolichos; kudzu

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5022
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kaːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. kudzu (Pueraria lobata)
    2. poplin; hemp cloth
    3. () State of Ge (a small state in modern Henan province during the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties)
    4. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かずら
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (かずら) (kazura (historical kana かづら)

    1. creeper, creeping plant

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    くず
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (くず) (kuzu

    1. kudzu, Japanese arrowroot (Pueraria montana)

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    つづら
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (つづら) (tsuzura

    1. Alternative spelling of 大葛藤 (Sinomenium acutum)
    2. Alternative spelling of 葛籠 (wicker basket)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gal)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gal, McCune–Reischauer: kal, Yale: kal)
      • Name (hangeul):
    1. arrowroot, kudzu

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cát, nhật)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.