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U+845B, 葛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-845B

[U+845A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+845C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿日心女 (TAPV), four-corner 44727, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1045, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31420
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1506, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3248, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+845B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
Wikipedia has articles on:
葛 (植物) (Written Standard Chinese?)
葛姓 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Pueraria montana (English)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
葛-seal.svg 葛-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰaːds, *kʰrads, *kʰrad
*qaːds
*qaːds, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qrads, *ɡaːd, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qʰoːb, *qʰaːd
*kʰrads, *ked, *kʰrad, *ɡrad, *kad, *ɡad
*ɡrads, *ɡrad
*kʰob, *qʰaːd, *qʰad
*kaːd
*kaːd
*klaːd, *rab
*kʰaːd, *ɡrad
*kʰaːd
*qʰaːd, *qad
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd, *ɢljad
*qaːd
*qaːd
*qaːd
*kʰreːd, *kraːd, *r'aːb
*kʰraːd, *ɡrad, *ɡad
*kʰrad
*kʰrad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*kad
*kad
*qʰad
*qʰad
*qad

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːd): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡaːd).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gě - standard in surname sense;
  • variant in other senses (proposed standard in Mainland).
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • kat - literary;
    • koah - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (63)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ge
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kat ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˤat/
    English Dolichos; kudzu

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5022
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kaːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. kudzu (Pueraria lobata)
    2. poplin; hemp cloth
    3. () State of Ge (a small state in modern Henan province during the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties)
    4. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かずら
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かずら, rōmaji kazura, historical hiragana かづら)

    1. creeper, creeping plant

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    くず
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana くず, katakana クズ, rōmaji kuzu)

    1. kudzu, Japanese arrowroot (Pueraria montana)

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    つづら
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana つづら, katakana ツヅラ, rōmaji tsuzura)

    1. Alternative spelling of 大葛藤 (Sinomenium acutum)
    2. Alternative spelling of 葛籠 (wicker basket)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gal)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gal, McCune–Reischauer: kal, Yale: kal)
      • Name (hangeul):
    1. arrowroot, kudzu

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cát, nhật)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.