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U+9932, 餲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9932

[U+9931]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9933]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 184 +9, 18 strokes, cangjie input 人戈日心女 (OIAPV), four-corner 86727, composition)

  1. putrid

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1423, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44278
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1948, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4464, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9932

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
餲-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰaːds, *kʰrads, *kʰrad
*qaːds
*qaːds, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qrads, *ɡaːd, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qʰoːb, *qʰaːd
*kʰrads, *ked, *kʰrad, *ɡrad, *kad, *ɡad
*ɡrads, *ɡrad
*kʰob, *qʰaːd, *qʰad
*kaːd
*kaːd
*klaːd, *rab
*kʰaːd, *ɡrad
*kʰaːd
*qʰaːd, *qad
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd, *ɢljad
*qaːd
*qaːd
*qaːd
*kʰreːd, *kraːd, *r'aːb
*kʰraːd, *ɡrad, *ɡad
*kʰrad
*kʰrad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*kad
*kad
*qʰad
*qʰad
*qad

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 4/4
Initial () (34) (34) (34)
Final () (37) (29) (63)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () Chongniu III II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiᴇiH/ /ʔˠaiH/ /ʔɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚiɛiH/ /ʔᵚaiH/ /ʔɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiæiH/ /ʔaiH/ /ʔɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjiajH/ /ʔaɨjsH/ /ʔat̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔjɛiH/ /ʔaiH/ /ʔɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭɛiH/ /æiH/ /ɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɛiH/ /ʔaiH/ /ʔɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
e
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 4/4
No. 5014 5019 5040
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qraːds/ /*qrads/ /*qaːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of food) to become spoiled after a long time

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/4
Initial () (33)
Final () (63)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦat̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4
No. 5035
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. a kind of fried flour-made food

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. spoiled
  2. sour
  3. moldy

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ae) (hangeul , revised ae, McCune-Reischauer ae, Yale ay)

  1. spoiled
  2. oil-and-honey pastry