Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+559D, 喝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-559D

[U+559C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+559E]
U+FA36, 喝
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA36

[U+FA35]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA37]
U+FA78, 喝
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA78

[U+FA77]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA79]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
12 strokes
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Han unification: Japanese character appears as , while it normally appears as in other scripts.

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +9 in Chinese, 口+8 in Japanese, 12 strokes in Chinese, 11 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 口日心女 (RAPV), four-corner 66027, composition or ⿰)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 199, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3960
  • Dae Jaweon: page 421, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 653, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+559D

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
喝-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰaːds, *kʰrads, *kʰrad
*qaːds
*qaːds, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qrads, *ɡaːd, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qʰoːb, *qʰaːd
*kʰrads, *ked, *kʰrad, *ɡrad, *kad, *ɡad
*ɡrads, *ɡrad
*kʰob, *qʰaːd, *qʰad
*kaːd
*kaːd
*klaːd, *rab
*kʰaːd, *ɡrad
*kʰaːd
*qʰaːd, *qad
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd, *ɢljad
*qaːd
*qaːd
*qaːd
*kʰreːd, *kraːd, *r'aːb
*kʰraːd, *ɡrad, *ɡad
*kʰrad
*kʰrad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*kad
*kad
*qʰad
*qʰad
*qad

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qraːds, *qʰoːb, *qʰaːd): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *ɡaːd).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *hwap (to drink). Cognate to (OC *qʰrub, “to drink”) and (OC *qʰraːb, “to drink”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hoah - vernacular;
  • hat - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 喝 (酒)
    Mandarin Beijing /xɤ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /xɤ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /xɤ²¹/
    Jinan /xə²¹³/
    Qingdao /xa⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /xɤ²⁴/
    Xi'an /xuo²¹/
    Xining /xu⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /xə¹³/
    Lanzhou /xə¹³/
    Ürümqi /xɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /xuo²¹³/
    Chengdu /xo⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /xo⁵⁵/
    Kunming /xo⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /xoʔ⁵/
    Hefei /xɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xaʔ²/
    Pingyao /xʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /xaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /həʔ⁵/
    /haʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /həʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /hɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ha²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /xɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /xə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /xo²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ho²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /hot̚¹/
    Taoyuan /hot̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔt̚³/
    Nanning /hɔt̚³³/
    Hong Kong /hɔt̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hap̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɑʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hak̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan)

    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 5020
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰoːb/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to drink
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to drink”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Note:
    • hoah - vernacular;
    • hat - literary.
    Note: duah4 - 俗音.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 喝 (彩)
    Mandarin Beijing /xɤ⁵¹/
    Harbin /xɤ⁵³/
    Tianjin /xɤ⁵³/
    Jinan /xə²¹³/
    Qingdao /xə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /xɤ²⁴/
    Xi'an /xuo²¹/
    Xining /xu⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /xə¹³/
    Lanzhou /xə⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /xɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /xuo²¹³/
    Chengdu /xo⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /xo²¹/
    Kunming /xo⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /xoʔ⁵/
    Hefei /xɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xaʔ²/
    Pingyao
    Hohhot /xaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /həʔ⁵/
    /haʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /həʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /hɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /hø²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /xɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /xə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /xo²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ho²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /hɵʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /hot̚¹/
    Taoyuan /hot̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔt̚³/
    Nanning /hɔt̚³³/
    Hong Kong /hɔt̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hat̚³²/
    /huaʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɑʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huaʔ²/
    /uaʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xo⁵⁵/
    /hua⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (63)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hɑt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hɑt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xɑt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /xɑt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /xɑt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xɑt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    he
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 5027
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰaːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to shout; to call out

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms 𡁁

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (29)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠaiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚaiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔaiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔaɨjsH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔaiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /æiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔaiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 5015
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qraːds/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (of one's voice) hoarse

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (, “hey”).

    Etymology 4[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Quanzhou Hokkien) so; that

    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 6[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𡁁 (“sound”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of 𡁁.)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Interjection[edit]

    (hiragana かつ, rōmaji katsu)

    1. (Buddhism) an interjection uttered by Zen Buddhist masters to scold their students

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かつ, rōmaji katsu)

    1. a loud exclamation or scolding

    References[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gal, ae) (hangeul , , McCune–Reischauer kal, ae)

    1. loud voice
    2. to call out, yell, shout
    3. to scold

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (hát, ạc, hét, hết, hít, ặc, kệ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.