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U+559D, 喝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-559D

[U+559C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+559E]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
喝-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +9 in Chinese, 口+8 in Japanese, in Chinese 12 strokes, in Japanese 11 strokes, cangjie input 口日心女 (RAPV), four-corner 66027, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 199, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3960
  • Dae Jaweon: page 421, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 653, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+559D

Usage notes[edit]

Han unification: Japanese character appears as , while it normally appears as in other scripts.


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
喝-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰaːds, *kʰrads, *kʰrad
*qaːds
*qaːds, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qrads, *ɡaːd, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qʰoːb, *qʰaːd
*kʰrads, *ked, *kʰrad, *ɡrad, *kad, *ɡad
*ɡrads, *ɡrad
*kʰob, *qʰaːd, *qʰad
*kaːd
*kaːd
*klaːd, *rab
*kʰaːd, *ɡrad
*kʰaːd
*qʰaːd, *qad
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd, *ɢljad
*qaːd
*qaːd
*qaːd
*kʰreːd, *kraːd, *r'aːb
*kʰraːd, *ɡrad, *ɡad
*kʰrad
*kʰrad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*kad
*kad
*qʰad
*qʰad
*qad

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qraːds, *qʰoːb, *qʰaːd): semantic  + phonetic (OC *ɡaːd).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 喝 (酒)
Mandarin Beijing /xɤ⁵⁵/
Harbin /xɤ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xɤ²¹/
Jinan /xə²¹³/
Qingdao /xa⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /xɤ²⁴/
Xi'an /xuo²¹/
Xining /xu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xə¹³/
Lanzhou /xə¹³/
Ürümqi /xɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /xuo²¹³/
Chengdu /xo⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xo⁵⁵/
Kunming /xo⁴⁴/
Nanjing /xoʔ⁵/
Hefei /xɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xaʔ²/
Pingyao /xʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /xaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /həʔ⁵/
/haʔ⁵/
Suzhou /həʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /hɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ha²¹³/
Hui Shexian /xɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /xə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /xo²⁴/
Xiangtan /ho²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /hot̚¹/
Taoyuan /hot̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔt̚³/
Nanning /hɔt̚³³/
Hong Kong /hɔt̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hap̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan)

Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 5020
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰoːb/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to drink
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“to drink”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 喝 (彩)
Mandarin Beijing /xɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /xɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /xɤ⁵³/
Jinan /xə²¹³/
Qingdao /xə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /xɤ²⁴/
Xi'an /xuo²¹/
Xining /xu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xə¹³/
Lanzhou /xə⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /xɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /xuo²¹³/
Chengdu /xo⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xo²¹/
Kunming /xo⁴⁴/
Nanjing /xoʔ⁵/
Hefei /xɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xaʔ²/
Pingyao
Hohhot /xaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /həʔ⁵/
/haʔ⁵/
Suzhou /həʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /hɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /hø²¹³/
Hui Shexian /xɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /xə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /xo²⁴/
Xiangtan /ho²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /hɵʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hot̚¹/
Taoyuan /hot̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔt̚³/
Nanning /hɔt̚³³/
Hong Kong /hɔt̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hat̚³²/
/huaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huaʔ²/
/uaʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xo⁵⁵/
/hua⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (34) (32)
Final () (29) (63)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠaiH/ /hɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚaiH/ /hɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔaiH/ /xɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔaɨjsH/ /hat̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔaiH/ /xɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/æiH/ /xɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔaiH/ /xɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
he
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3
No. 5015 5027
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qraːds/ /*qʰaːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to shout; to call out

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “hey”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Interjection[edit]

‎(hiragana かつ, romaji katsu)

  1. (Buddhism) an interjecting said by Zen Buddhist masters to scold their students

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かつ, romaji katsu)

  1. a loud exclamation or scolding

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gal, ae) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer kal, ae)

  1. loud voice
  2. to call out, yell, shout
  3. to scold

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hát, ạc, hét, hết, hít, ặc, kệ)

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