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U+559D, 喝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-559D

[U+559C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+559E]
U+FA36, 喝
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA36

[U+FA35]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA37]
U+FA78, 喝
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA78

[U+FA77]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA79]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
12 strokes
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Han unification: Japanese character appears as , while it normally appears as in other scripts.

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +9 in Chinese, 口+8 in Japanese, 12 strokes in Chinese, 11 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 口日心女 (RAPV), four-corner 66027, composition or ⿰)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 199, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3960
  • Dae Jaweon: page 421, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 653, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+559D

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
喝-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰaːds, *kʰrads, *kʰrad
*qaːds
*qaːds, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qrads, *ɡaːd, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qʰoːb, *qʰaːd
*kʰrads, *ked, *kʰrad, *ɡrad, *kad, *ɡad
*ɡrads, *ɡrad
*kʰob, *qʰaːd, *qʰad
*kaːd
*kaːd
*klaːd, *rab
*kʰaːd, *ɡrad
*kʰaːd
*qʰaːd, *qad
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd, *ɢljad
*qaːd
*qaːd
*qaːd
*kʰreːd, *kraːd, *r'aːb
*kʰraːd, *ɡrad, *ɡad
*kʰrad
*kʰrad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*kad
*kad
*qʰad
*qʰad
*qad

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qraːds, *qʰoːb, *qʰaːd): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *ɡaːd).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *hwap (to drink). Cognate to (OC *qʰrub, “to drink”) and (OC *qʰraːb, “to drink”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hoah - vernacular;
  • hat - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 喝 (酒)
    Mandarin Beijing /xɤ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /xɤ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /xɤ²¹/
    Jinan /xə²¹³/
    Qingdao /xa⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /xɤ²⁴/
    Xi'an /xuo²¹/
    Xining /xu⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /xə¹³/
    Lanzhou /xə¹³/
    Ürümqi /xɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /xuo²¹³/
    Chengdu /xo⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /xo⁵⁵/
    Kunming /xo⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /xoʔ⁵/
    Hefei /xɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xaʔ²/
    Pingyao /xʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /xaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /həʔ⁵/
    /haʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /həʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /hɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ha²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /xɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /xə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /xo²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ho²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /hot̚¹/
    Taoyuan /hot̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔt̚³/
    Nanning /hɔt̚³³/
    Hong Kong /hɔt̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hap̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɑʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hak̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan)

    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 5020
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰoːb/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to drink
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to drink”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan , ,
    Chengdu ,
    Yangzhou ,
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou ,
    Hong Kong ,
    Taishan
    Yangjiang ,
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian ,
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) , ,
    Liudui (S. Sixian) , ,
    Hsinchu (Hailu) , ,
    Dongshi (Dabu) , ,
    Hsinchu (Raoping) , ,
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) ,
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou ,
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen , ,
    Quanzhou , ,
    Zhangzhou ,
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan , , ,
    Taichung
    Hsinchu ,
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan , ,
    Kinmen
    Magong ,
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou ,
    Wu Shanghai ,
    Suzhou , ,
    Wenzhou ,
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng ,

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Note:
    • hoah - vernacular;
    • hat - literary.
    Note: duah4 - 俗音.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 喝 (彩)
    Mandarin Beijing /xɤ⁵¹/
    Harbin /xɤ⁵³/
    Tianjin /xɤ⁵³/
    Jinan /xə²¹³/
    Qingdao /xə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /xɤ²⁴/
    Xi'an /xuo²¹/
    Xining /xu⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /xə¹³/
    Lanzhou /xə⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /xɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /xuo²¹³/
    Chengdu /xo⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /xo²¹/
    Kunming /xo⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /xoʔ⁵/
    Hefei /xɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xaʔ²/
    Pingyao
    Hohhot /xaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /həʔ⁵/
    /haʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /həʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /hɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /hø²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /xɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /xə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /xo²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ho²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /hɵʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /hot̚¹/
    Taoyuan /hot̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔt̚³/
    Nanning /hɔt̚³³/
    Hong Kong /hɔt̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hat̚³²/
    /huaʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɑʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huaʔ²/
    /uaʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xo⁵⁵/
    /hua⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (63)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hɑt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hɑt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xɑt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /xɑt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /xɑt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xɑt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    he
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 5027
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰaːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to shout; to call out

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms 𡁁

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (29)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠaiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚaiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔaiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔaɨjsH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔaiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /æiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔaiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 5015
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qraːds/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (of one's voice) hoarse

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (, “hey”).

    Etymology 5[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Quanzhou Hokkien) so; that

    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 6[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𡁁 (“sound”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of 𡁁.)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Interjection[edit]

    (hiragana かつ, rōmaji katsu)

    1. (Buddhism) an interjection uttered by Zen Buddhist masters to scold their students

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かつ, rōmaji katsu)

    1. a loud exclamation or scolding

    References[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gal, ae) (hangeul , , McCune–Reischauer kal, ae)

    1. loud voice
    2. to call out, yell, shout
    3. to scold

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (hát, ạc, hét, hết, hít, ặc, kệ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.