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U+5606, 嘆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5606

[U+5605]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5607]
U+FA37, 嘆
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA37

[U+FA36]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA38]
嘆 U+2F84C, 嘆
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F84C
圖
[U+2F84B]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 圗
[U+2F84D]

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note that in traditional Chinese, the component 𦰩󠄂 for this character is written with 廿 on top while in Japanese shinjitai, the component 𦰩 is written with on top and has one stroke less. In simplified Chinese, the component 𦰩󠄂 is simplified to instead.

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +11 in Chinese, 口+10 in Japanese, in Chinese 14 strokes, in Japanese 13 strokes, cangjie input 口廿中人 (RTLO), four-corner 64034, composition𦰩(GHTKV) or ⿰⿻口(J))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 205, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4138
  • Dae Jaweon: page 427, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 673, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5606

Usage notes[edit]

In classical Chinese, this character is used interchangeably with to express a sigh or lament.


Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*naːl
*naːl, *neːl, *njeːl
*n̥ʰaːn, *n̥ʰaːns
*n̥ʰaːn, *naːns, *hnaːnʔ, *hnaːns
*n̥ʰaːn
*n̥ʰaːn, *naːnʔ, *naːns
*n̥ʰaːn
*n̥ʰaːns
*n̥ʰaːn, *naːns
*hnaːnʔ, *hnaːns
*hnaːnʔ, *hnaːns, *njanʔ
*hnaːns
*rnaːnʔ, *njanʔ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (6) (6)
Final () (61) (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑn/ /tʰɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑn/ /tʰɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑn/ /tʰɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰan/ /tʰanH/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑn/ /tʰɑnH/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑn/ /tʰɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑn/ /tʰɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tān tàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ thanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ˤar-s/
English sigh

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4890 4895
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ʰaːn/ /*n̥ʰaːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to sigh
  2. (grammar) Short for 嘆詞叹词 (tàncí, “interjection”).
  3. to chant
  4. to praise
  5. (Cantonese) to enjoy

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. sigh
  2. lament
  3. moan
  4. grieve

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
たん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC tʰɑn, tʰɑnH).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たん, rōmaji tan)

  1. sigh

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(tan) (hangeul , revised tan, McCune-Reischauer t'an)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thán, han, thăn, than, hen, thơn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.