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U+6C23, 氣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C23

[U+6C22]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C24]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 84, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人弓火木 (ONFD), four-corner 80917, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 599, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17059
  • Dae Jaweon: page 990, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2011, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+6C23

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
variant forms
𣱛

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
氣-slip.svg 氣-seal.svg 氣-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰɯːds, *qʰɯds
*qʰrɯl
*kɯl, *ɡɯl, *kuːls
*kʰɯds
*kʰɯds, *qʰɯds
*kʰɯds
*qʰɯds
*qʰɯds
*qʰɯds
*qʰɯds
*qʰɯds
*qʰɯds

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰɯds, *qʰɯds): phonetic  (OC *kʰɯds) + semantic  (rice) – to give rice as a gift.

Later borrowed meanings of “air, flow” from (OC *kʰɯds). The derivative (OC *qʰɯds) refers to the original word. Compare (OC *kʰɯds, *kʰɯd).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: khùi - vernacular, khì - literary.
Note:
  • ki3 - literary;
  • kui3 - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰi³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰji²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰi²¹²/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi³²⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /hi⁵³/
    Taoyuan /hi⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hei³³/
    Nanning /hi³³/
    Hong Kong /hei³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰi²¹/
    /kʰui²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɛi²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰi³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰi²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xi³⁵/
    /xui³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (29) (32)
    Final () (20) (20)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨiH/ /hɨiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɨiH/ /hɨiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiəiH/ /xiəiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɨjH/ /hɨjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiəiH/ /xiəiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭəiH/ /xĭəiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰe̯iH/ /xe̯iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjɨjH › ‹ xjɨjH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.qʰəp-s/ /*qʰət-s/
    English cloudy vapors to present food

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 10140 10143
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯds/ /*qʰɯds/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. air; gas
      天然 / 天然  ―  tiānrán  ―  natural gas
    2. breath (Classifier: m;  c)
      喘不過 / 喘不过  ―  chuǎnbùguò lái  ―  to be out of breath
    3. (Chinese philosophy) qi; vital energy; life force
    4. smell; odour
      /   ―  wèi  ―  smell
    5. angriness
      /   ―  shēng  ―  to get angry
    6. to get angry
      /   ―  Wǒ hěn .  ―  I'm very angry.
    7. to make angry; to annoy
      /   ―  Bié wǒ!  ―  Don't annoy me!
    8. to breathe
    9. quality; character; spirit; mettle
      男人 / 男人  ―  yǒu nánrén   ―  manly

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    Readings[edit]

    • Go-on: (ke)
    • Kan-on: (ki)
    • Kun: いき (iki, )

    Usage notes[edit]

    Not used in modern Japanese. Replaced by the shinjitai form .


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gi) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer ki, Yale ki)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khí)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.