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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic  – to stir up.

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 水竹尸大 (EHSK), four-corner 38140, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 654, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18438
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1064, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1760, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6FC0

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (激), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 蕭
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古弔切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/keuH/ /kieuH/ /keuH/ /keuH/ /kɛwH/ /kieuH/ /keuH/
Character (激), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 錫
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 古歷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kek̚/ /kiek̚/ /kek̚/ /kek̚/ /kɛjk̚/ /kiek̚/ /kɛk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kek › /*[k]ˤewk/ dam up (water)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6394 2 /*kleːwɢs/
6406 2 /*kleːwɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. arouse, excite, incite
  2. quickly

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeok) (hangeul , revised gyeok, McCune-Reischauer kyŏk, Yale kyek)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(váng, khích, kích)

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