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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kleːwɢs, *kleːwɢ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *kleːwɢs, *ɢlewɢ, *kleːwɢ) – to stir up.

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 水竹尸大 (EHSK), four-corner 38140, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 654, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18438
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1064, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1760, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6FC0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/ 叫雨~著了
/t͡ɕi⁵³/ 感~
Tianjin /t͡ɕi²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕie³¹/
/t͡ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kit̚¹/
Taoyuan /kit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kek̚⁵/
Nanning /kek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kik̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kek̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (93) (127)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/keuH/ /kek̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/keuH/ /kek̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/keuH/ /kɛk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛwH/ /kɛjk̚/
Li
Rong
/keuH/ /kek̚/
Wang
Li
/kieuH/ /kiek̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kieuH/ /kiek̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiào ji
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kek ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤewk/
English dam up (water)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6394 6406
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kleːwɢs/ /*kleːwɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. arouse, excite, incite
  2. quickly

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeok) (hangeul , revised gyeok, McCune-Reischauer kyŏk, Yale kyek)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(váng, khích, kích)

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