English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Anglo-Norman , pretendre Middle French ( pretendre French prétendre ( “ to claim, demand ” )), from Latin , present active infinitive of praetendere praetendō ( “ put forward, hold out, pretend ” ), from prae- ( “ pre- ” ) + tendō ( “ stretch ” ); see . tend
Pronunciation [ edit ]
IPA (: key) /pɹɪˈtɛnd/
pretend ( third-person singular simple present , pretends present participle , pretending simple past and past participle ) pretended
claim, to allege, especially when falsely or as a form of deliberate deception. [from 14th c.]
1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, XVIII.23:
"After what past at Upton, so soon to engage in a new amour with another woman, while I fancied, and you
pretended, your heart was bleeding for me!"
1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 5, in , The China Governess : OL 2004261W
It's rather like a beautiful Inverness cloak one has inherited. Much too good to hide away, so one wears it instead of an overcoat and pretends it's an amusing new fashion.
2009 April 13, “Vanity publishing”, in :
I have nothing but contempt for people who hire ghost-writers. But at least most faux authors have the decency to
pretend that they are sweating blood over "their" book. To
feign, affect (a state, quality, etc.). [from 15th c.]
This let him know, / Lest, willfully transgressing, he
pretend / Surprisal.
2007 October 29, , London:
Gap and other clothes manufacturers should stop using small subcontractors because they are difficult to control. Instead, they should open up their own fully-owned production facilities so that they cannot
pretend ignorance when abuses are committed. To
lay claim (an ability, status, advantage, etc.). to [from 15th c.] (originally used without to)
Chiefs shall be grudged the part which they
1946, Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy, I.25:
People observed the diversity of schools and the acerbity of their disputes, and decided that all alike were
pretending to knowledge which was in fact unattainable. To make oneself
appear do or be doing something; to engage in to make-believe.
1814 July, [Jane Austen], chapter VI, in , volume I, London: Printed for Mansfield Park: A Novel. In Three Volumes T[homas] Egerton, Military Library, Whitehall, , OCLC 39810224 pages 111–112:
"The truth is, Ma'am," said Mrs. Grant, pretending to whisper across the table to Mrs. Norris, "that Dr. Grant hardly knows what the natural taste of our apricot is; [… ]."
2003 January 23, Duncan Campbell, , London:
Luster claimed that the women had consented to sex and were only
pretending to be asleep.
( transitive , obsolete ) To hold before, or put forward, as a cloak or disguise for something else; to exhibit as a veil for something hidden.
Lest that too heavenly form,
pretended / To hellish falsehood, snare them.
( transitive , obsolete ) To intend; to design, to plot; to attempt.
Such as shall
pretend / Malicious practices against his state.
( transitive , obsolete ) To hold before one; to extend.
1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, VI.11:
[… ] Was by the Captaine all this while defended, / Who, minding more her safety then himselfe, / His target alwayes over her pretended [… ].
Usage notes [ edit ]
This is a
catenative verb that takes the to infinitive. See Appendix:English catenative verbs
Related terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
to allege falsely
اِدَّعَى ( iddaʿā ), زَعَمَ ( zaʿama ) Catalan:
fingir , (ca) fer veure Chinese:
假裝 , (zh) 假装 (zh) ( jiǎzhuāng ), 佯裝 , (zh) 佯装 (zh) ( yángzhuāng ) Czech:
předstírat (cs) Danish:
voorwenden , (nl) , doen alsof veinzen , (nl) pretenderen Esperanto:
väittää valheellisesti French:
prétendre (fr) Galician:
vorgeben , (de) prätendieren , (de) vortäuschen (de) Italian:
...の振りをする ( ...のふりをする, ...no-furi-o suru ), 見せ掛ける ( みせかける, misekakeru ), 装う ( よそおう, yosōu ) Korean:
-인 체하다 (ko) ( -in chehada ) Latin:
, simulo fingo Malay:
, berlagak berpura-pura Polish:
udawać (pl) Portuguese:
fingir (pt) Romanian:
preface , (ro) pretinde (ro) Russian:
де́лать вид (ru) impf ( délatʹ vid ), сде́лать вид impf ( sdélatʹ vid ); притворя́ться (ru) impf ( pritvorjátʹsja ), притвори́ться (ru) pf ( pritvorítʹsja ) Scottish Gaelic:
leig air Spanish:
fingir (es) Swedish:
låtsas (sv) Ukrainian:
удавати ( udaváty ), вдавати ( vdaváty )
to make oneself appear to do something
Further reading [ edit ]
Adjective [ edit ]
Not really what it is represented as being; imaginary, feigned.
Translations [ edit ]