вид

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [vit]
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vidъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *wéiˀdas, from Proto-Indo-European *wéydos, from *weyd-.

Noun[edit]

вид (vidm (relational adjective ви́дов)

  1. look, appearance
    Synonyms: о́браз (óbraz), о́блик (óblik)
    въ́ншен видvǎ́nšen vidlooks, surface appearance
    имам вид наimam vid nato look like, to be in form of
    на видna vidin form/appearance, seemingly
  2. aspect, facet
  3. (figurative) form, figure
    във видvǎv vidin form [of]
    да́вам видdávam vidto show, to give to see
    изна́сям видiznásjam vidto demonstrate, to make an impression
  4. (dated) view, scenery
    Synonyms: гле́дка (glédka), и́зглед (ízgled)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • вид¹”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • вид (1)”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1971), “вид”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1 (А – З), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, →ISBN, page 143
  • видъ in Исторически речник на Българския език, Sofia Univeristy "St. Clement Ohridsky"

Etymology 2[edit]

From sense 1 as a calque of Ancient Greek εἶδος (eîdos, species), a cognate with the Bulgarian word, or respectively Latin speciēs (appearance).

Noun[edit]

вид (vidm (relational adjective ви́дов)

  1. type, kind, sort
    Synonyms: род (rod), тип (tip)
  2. (biology) species
  3. (literature) form, genre
  4. (linguistics, grammar) aspect
    свъ́ршен видsvǎ́ršen vidperfective aspect
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • вид²”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • вид (2)”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010

Anagrams[edit]

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vidъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *wéiˀdas, from Proto-Indo-European *wéydos, from *weyd-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

вид (vidm (plural видови, relational adjective виден or видски)

  1. (uncountable) sight (ability)
  2. type, kind, sort
  3. (grammar) aspect
  4. form, shape

Declension[edit]

Nivkh[edit]

Verb[edit]

вид (vid)

  1. (Sakhalin) go; goes; went (of a person)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic видъ (vidŭ), from Proto-Slavic *vidъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *wéiˀdas, from Proto-Indo-European *wéydos, from *weyd-.

Cognate with Lithuanian veidas (face), Latvian veids (form, shape), Sanskrit वेद (veda, knowledge), Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬉𐬛𐬀𐬵- (vaēdah-, possession), Latin videō (to see), Ancient Greek εἶδος (eîdos, form, shape), Old Irish fíad, Welsh gŵydd (presence) (from Proto-Celtic *weido-), and Old English witan (whence English wit).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

вид (vidm inan (genitive ви́да, nominative plural ви́ды, genitive plural ви́дов, relational adjective видово́й, diminutive видо́к)

  1. look, looks, appearance, air
  2. sight, view
    при ви́де (+ genitive case)pri vídeat the sight (of)
    на виду́ у (+ genitive case)na vidú uin sight; visible to
    с ви́дуs víduby sight; judging from appearance
    э́то ви́дом не ви́даноéto vídom ne vídanonever seen before (literally, “that hasn't been seen by sight”)
    э́то хорошо́ на видéto xorošó na vid"that looks fine"
  3. kind, sort, species
    Аку́лы быва́ют пять ви́дов: ребёнок, ма́ма, па́па, ба́бушка и де́душка.
    Akúly byvájut pjatʹ vídov: rebjónok, máma, pápa, bábuška i déduška.
    Sharks come in five kinds: child, mom, dad, grandma, and grandpa.
  4. form
    в пи́сьменном ви́деv písʹmennom vídein written form
    в пре́жнем ви́деv préžnem vídein previous form
    в ви́де (+ genitive case)v vídein the form of; by way of
  5. (grammar) aspect
    соверше́нный видsoveršénnyj vidperfective aspect
    несоверше́нный видnesoveršénnyj vidimperfective aspect
    многокра́тный видmnogokrátnyj viditerative aspect
    однокра́тный видodnokrátnyj vidsemelfactive aspect
    аористи́ческий видaoristíčeskij vidaorist aspect

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vidъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *wéiˀdas, from Proto-Indo-European *wéydos, from *weyd-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ви̑д m (Latin spelling vȋd)

  1. eyesight
  2. (grammar) aspect
  3. type, kind (of, +genitive)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic видъ (vidŭ), from Proto-Slavic *vidъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *wéiˀdas, from Proto-Indo-European *wéydos, from *weyd-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

вид (vydm inan (genitive ви́ду, nominative plural ви́ди, genitive plural ви́дів)

  1. kind, sort
  2. (taxonomy) species
  3. (grammar) aspect
    доко́наний видdokónanyj vydperfective aspect
    недоко́наний видnedokónanyj vydimperfective aspect

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

вид (vydm inan (genitive ви́ду, nominative plural ви́ди, genitive plural ви́дів)

  1. face
  2. appearance, look, view
  3. (archaic) landscape

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]