вид

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vidъ.

Noun[edit]

вид (vidm (related adjective ви́дов)

  1. look, appearance
    Synonyms: о́браз (óbraz), о́блик (óblik)
    въ́ншен видvǎ́nšen vidlooks, surface appearance
    имам вид наimam vid nato look like, to be in form of
    на видna vidin form/appearance, seemingly
  2. aspect, facet
  3. (figuratively) form, figure
    във видvǎv vidin form [of]
    да́вам видdávam vidto show, to give to see
    изна́сям видiznásjam vidto demonstrate, to make an impression
  4. (dated) view, scenery
    Synonyms: гле́дка (glédka), и́зглед (ízgled)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • вид¹ in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • вид (1) in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)
  • вид”, in Georgiev Vl. I., editor, Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1971, page 143
  • видъ in Исторически речник на Българския език, Sofia Univeristy "St. Clement Ohridsky"

Etymology 2[edit]

Calque of Ancient Greek εἶδος (eîdos, species), a cognate with the Bulgarian word, or respectively Latin speciēs (appearance).

Noun[edit]

вид (vidm (related adjective ви́дов)

  1. type, kind, sort
    Synonyms: род (rod), тип (tip)
  2. (biology) species
  3. (literature) form, genre
  4. (linguistics, grammar) aspect
    свъ́ршен видsvǎ́ršen vidperfective aspect
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • вид² in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • вид (2) in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *vidъ, from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (to know; see).

Noun[edit]

вид (vidm (plural видови)

  1. (uncountable) sight (ability)
  2. type, kind, sort
  3. form, shape

Declension[edit]


Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic видъ (vidŭ), from Proto-Slavic *vidъ, from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (to know; see). Cognate with Lithuanian veidas (face), Latvian veids (form, shape), Sanskrit वेद (veda, knowledge), Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬉𐬛𐬀𐬵-(vaēdah-, possession), Latin videō (to see), Ancient Greek εἶδος (eîdos, form, shape), Old Irish fíad, Welsh gŵydd (presence) (from Proto-Celtic *weido-), and Old English witan (whence English wit).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [vʲit]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

вид (vidm inan (genitive ви́да, nominative plural ви́ды, genitive plural ви́дов, related adjective видово́й)

  1. look, looks, appearance, air
  2. sight, view
    при ви́де (+ genitive case)pri vídeat the sight of
    на виду́ у (+ genitive case)na vidú uin sight; visible to
    с ви́дуs víduby sight; judging from appearance
    э́то ви́дом не ви́даноéto vídom ne vídano"never seen before"
    э́то хорошо́ на видéto xorošó na vid"that looks fine"
  3. kind, sort, species
  4. form
    в пи́сьменном ви́деv písʹmennom vídein written form
    в пре́жнем ви́деv préžnem vídein previous form
    в ви́де (+ genitive case)v vídein the form of; by way of
  5. (grammar) aspect

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *vidъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ви̑д m (Latin spelling vȋd)

  1. eyesight
  2. (grammar) aspect
  3. type, kind (of, +genitive)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic видъ (vidŭ), from Proto-Slavic *vidъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

вид (vydm inan (genitive ви́ду, nominative plural ви́ди, genitive plural ви́дів)

  1. kind, sort
  2. (taxonomy) species
  3. (grammar) aspect

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

вид (vydm inan (genitive ви́ду, nominative plural ви́ди, genitive plural ви́дів)

  1. face
  2. appearance, look, view
  3. (archaic) landscape

Declension[edit]

References[edit]