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See also: fiad

Old Irish[edit]


Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *wēdus, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁weydʰh₁-u-s.


fíad m

  1. game, wild animals
  2. deer
  3. wasteland, wilderness
  4. uncultivated land
  5. a territory, land
Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative fíad fíadL fíadaeH
Vocative fíad fíadL fíadu
Accusative fíadN fíadL fíadu
Genitive fíadoH, fíadaH fíadoL, fíadaL fíadaeN
Dative fíadL fíadaib fíadaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Derived terms[edit]
  • Irish: fia
  • Manx: feeaih
  • Scottish Gaelic: fiadh

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *wēdūi, dative singular of *wēdos (sight, presence), from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (perceive, see).


fíad (governs the dative, triggers lenition)

  1. before (in time)
  2. before (in space), in front of
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 19b6
      Ro·pridchad dúib céssad Críst amal ad·cethe ꝉ fo·rócrad dúib amal bid fíadib no·crochthe.
      Christ’s Passion has been preached to you as though it were seen; or it has been announced to you as if he had been crucified before you.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fíad ḟíad fíad
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.