witan

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See also: Witan

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Old English witan, plural of wita (wise man).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

witan (plural witans)

  1. The Anglo-Saxon national council or witenagemot.
    • 1833, S. A. Dunham, Europe in the Middle Ages (Green & Longman), page 48:
      But in estimating the powers of the witan, we must not lose sight of the fact, that the king sometimes assumes a tone of superiority scarcely consistent with its independence.

Anagrams[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

witan

  1. Romanization of 𐍅𐌹𐍄𐌰𐌽

Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *witan, from Proto-Germanic *witaną, from Proto-Indo-European *wóyde, originally a perfect form of *weyd- (see).

Verb[edit]

witan

  1. to know
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Dutch: wēten
    • Dutch: weten
    • Limburgish: weite, wiete
Further reading[edit]
  • witan”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wītaną.

Verb[edit]

wītan

  1. to blame, to hold accountable
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Further reading[edit]

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *witan, from Proto-Germanic *witaną, from Proto-Indo-European *wóyde, originally a perfect form of *weyd- (see).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

witan

  1. to know, be aware of
  2. to feel a certain emotion
    • c. 900, translation of Orosius' History Against the Pagans
      Þæt is tō wundriġenne þæt þā Ēgypte swā lȳtle þancunge wiston Iōsēpe þæs þe hē hīe æt hungre āhredde.
      It's amazing that the Egyptians felt so little gratitude to Joseph for saving them from famine.
Usage notes[edit]

Old English used several different words to mean "to know":

  • Witan meant "to be aware of," and was used with facts and pieces of information: wāt þæt iċ nāt nāwiht ("I know that I know nothing"), Hwā wāt hū fela ōðerra manna sind mē ġelīċe? ("Who knows how many other people are like me?"), Hwanon wāst þū mīnne naman? ("How do you know my name?").
  • Cunnan meant "to be familiar with," and was used with people, places, concepts, and skills: Mæġ iċ hine lufian swīðor þonne iċ hine cann? ("Can I love him more than I know him?"), Ne sorge ġē, iċ cann þis sċræf swā mīne æfteweardan hand ("Don't worry, I know this cave like the back of my hand"), Ealdenglisċ cunnan þyncþ mē unnytlīċ ("Knowing Old English seems useless to me"). With verbs, it means "to know how": Þū āna cūðest mē hreddan ("You're the only person who knew how to save me"), Wiston ġit þæt hē singan cann? ("Did you know he can sing?")
  • Ġecnāwan and oncnāwan meant to recognize or identify, and could be used almost interchangeably: Þā stefne iċ wolde āhwǣr ġecnāwan ("I'd know that voice anywhere"), Ġecnǣst þū þisne wer? ("Do you know this man?"), Hēo oncnǣþ horan þonne hēo āne ġesiehþ ("She knows a whore when she sees one"), Be þām oncnāwaþ ealle menn þæt ġē sind mīne frīend ("That's how everyone will know you're my friends"). Though cnāwan is the ancestor of modern know and was probably a synonym, it was many times less common than these two prefixed forms in the Old English period, being attested only a few times in the surviving corpus.
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wītaną. Cognate with Old Norse víta, Dutch wijten.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

wītan

  1. to blame, accuse, reproach
Conjugation[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

witan

  1. nominative plural of wita

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *witan, from Proto-Germanic *witaną, from Proto-Indo-European *wóyde, originally a perfect form of *weyd- (see).

Verb[edit]

witan (3 singular present wēt, 3 singular preterite wissa, preterite plural wissun, no past participle)

  1. to know
Conjugation[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wītaną.

Verb[edit]

wītan (3 singular present wītid, 3 singular preterite wēt, preterite plural witun, past participle giwitan)

  1. to reproach, to blame
Conjugation[edit]