weten

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋeːtə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: we‧ten
  • Rhymes: -eːtən

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch wēten, from Old Dutch witan, from Proto-West Germanic *witan, from Proto-Germanic *witaną, from Proto-Indo-European *wóyde (know), a root perfect from the root *weyd-. The past tense forms is also composed of the regular past tense marker -te.

Verb[edit]

weten

  1. (transitive) to know (knowledge), to be aware of something
    Ik weet hoe die planeet heet.
    I know what that planet is called.
    Lars kent Emma, weet je dat? — Ja, ik weet dat Lars Emma kent.
    Lars knows Emma, do you know? - Yes, I know that Lars knows Emma.
    Ik ken Rusland niet, ik weet niets over dat land.
    I don't know Russia, I don't know anything about that country.
    Ik kan goed koken, maar de Indonesische keuken ken ik eigenlijk niet; ik weet niet eens hoe je nasi goreng klaarmaakt.
    I know how to cook well, but I don't really know Indonesian cuisine; I don't even know how to prepare fried rice.
  2. (transitive) to remember
    Ik weet nog hoe koud het vorig jaar was.
    I still remember how cold it was last year.
  3. (auxiliary, with te) to be able to, to manage to (literally, "to know how to/to know of a way to")
    De Frisii waren een Germaans volk en net als verscheidene andere Germaanse volkeren wisten ze zich fel te verdedigen tegen de Romeinen. Toch moesten de Frisii zich in het jaar 12 onderwerpen doordat veldheer Drusus hen wist te verslaan.
    The Frisii were a Germanic people and just like various other Germanic peoples they were able to fiercely defend themselves against the Romans. Nevertheless, the Frisii had to subject themselves in the year 12 because warlord Drusus was able to defeat them.
    De voornamelijk op lokaal niveau succesvolle partij Freie Wähler weet voor het eerst ergens op deelstaatniveau de kiesdrempel te halen.
    The party Freie Wähler, successful primarily at the local level, is able for the first time to achieve the election threshold somewhere at the state level.
    Weet jij een leuk cafeetje hier in de buurt? – Ik weet er een paar te zitten, maar ik ken er maar eentje echt goed.
    Do you know a nice pub around here? I can locate a few, but I only know one of them really well.
    • 2003, Marylin Simons, Carrousel[1], Paramaribo: Okopipi, →ISBN, page 53:
      Die overgrootmoeder van me, ze was eigenlijk niet van hier, als je goed berekent. Is van Bridgetown was ze. ‘Bados’ zeggen die mensen van daar want ze weten niet als wij te praten. Badyan... is Badyan praten ze daar, een soort van Negerengels ma' toch een beetje anders als van ons.
      My great-grandmother, she was actually not from here, strictly speaking. From Bridgetown, she was. 'Bados', the local people say, because they can't speak like us. Badyan... Badyan, they speak there, a kind of Creole, but still a bit different from ours.
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of weten (preterite-present)
infinitive weten
past singular wist
past participle geweten
infinitive weten
gerund weten n
present tense past tense
1st person singular weet wist
2nd person sing. (jij) weet wist
2nd person sing. (u) weet wist
2nd person sing. (gij) weet wist
3rd person singular weet wist
plural weten wisten
subjunctive sing.1 wete wiste
subjunctive plur.1 weten wisten
imperative sing. weet
imperative plur.1 weet
participles wetend geweten
1) Archaic.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: weet
  • Jersey Dutch: wête
  • Negerhollands: weet
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: guet
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

weten

  1. inflection of wijten:
    1. plural past indicative
    2. (dated or formal) plural past subjunctive

Anagrams[edit]

Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German wēten, from Old Saxon witan, from Proto-West Germanic *witan, from Proto-Germanic *witaną.

Verb[edit]

weten (past singular wüss, past participle wüsst, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) to know; to be aware of (a fact)
    Ik weet, woneem du büst. — “I know where you are.”
    vun wat weten — “to know about something”

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch witan, from Proto-West Germanic *witan, from Proto-Germanic *witaną, from Proto-Indo-European *wóyde.

Verb[edit]

wēten

  1. to know (knowledge)
  2. to know (person)
  3. to get to know, to learn of, to be made aware of (a fact)
  4. (auxiliary, with te) to be able to

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Middle Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon witan, from Proto-West Germanic *witan, from Proto-Germanic *witaną, from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (see, know).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

wēten

  1. to know (knowledge)

Alternative forms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Zazaki[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicوَطَن(waṭan).

Noun[edit]

weten

  1. homeland, home country
  2. motherland, fatherland, mother country