Middle Dutch -ede was shortened to -de in late Middle Dutch, and the suffix was devoiced to -te according to the 't kofschip rule. This voiceless variety was then taken to be the suffix proper and the voiced variety gradually fell out of use.
- appended to an adjective, making a feminine noun which refers to the size of the quality referred to by the adjective, cognate to -th.
- hoog → hoogte
- ruim → ruimte
- breed → breedte
- lang → lengte
- gewoon → gewoonte
- appended to the stem of a verb, yields a feminine noun which refers to the object of such a verb.
- behoeven → behoefte
- beloven → belofte
- used in combination with the prefix ge- to make a neuter noun which refers to a mass or a collection of objects.
- berg → gebergte
- steen → gesteente
- a suffix that forms the singular of the past tense of weak verbs, the root of which ends in a voiceless consonant
- maken → maakte
- Used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun.
- crìochnaichte ('S crìochnaichte an sgeul - the story is finished.)
- Variant of -de; suffix to create preterite tense of verbs if the stem ends in a unvoiced consonant (this form of the suffix is only applicable to verbs which ends in -er in present tense)