-te

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chuukese[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-te

  1. (auxiliary) Used to express negative tense in the determinate; never

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch -ede, from Old Dutch -itha, from Proto-Germanic *-iþō. More at -th.

Middle Dutch -ede was shortened to -de in late Middle Dutch, and the suffix was devoiced to -te according to the 't kofschip rule. This voiceless variety was then taken to be the suffix proper and the voiced variety gradually fell out of use.

Suffix[edit]

-te f (plural -ten or -tes)

  1. appended to an adjective, making a feminine noun which refers to the size or quality referred to by the adjective, cognate to -th.
    hooghoogte
    ruimruimte
    breedbreedte
    langlengte
    gewoongewoonte
  2. appended to the stem of a verb, yields a feminine noun which refers to the object of such a verb.
    behoevenbehoefte
    belovenbelofte
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-te

  1. See ge- -te.

Etymology 3[edit]

Cognate with English -ed; derives from a Germanic verb form of to to do.

Suffix[edit]

-te

  1. a suffix that forms the singular of the past tense of weak verbs, the root of which ends in a voiceless consonant
    makenmaakte
Synonyms[edit]

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German -te, -ete, from a merger of several Old High German conjugations.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -ete (used with most stems in -d, -t, and consonant + -n, -m)

Suffix[edit]

-te

  1. forms the first-person and third-person singular of the past tense and past subjunctive of weak verbs and some irregular verbs
    reisen (to travel) + ‎-te → ‎reiste ([I] travelled; [he] travelled)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Low German and Middle Dutch -te, from Proto-Germanic *-iþō, whence also inherited but equally rare German -de.

Suffix[edit]

-te f (plural -ten)

  1. (rare, not productive, only as synchronic surface analysis) forms nouns from adjectives
    flau (slack, windless) + ‎-te → ‎Flaute (slackness, stagnation)
    raum (wide, open) + ‎-te → ‎Räumte (cargo capacity of a ship)

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-te

  1. (past tense suffix) Used to form the third-person singular past tense of verbs (definite conjugations).
    keres (to search)kereste (he/she (has/had) searched)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (past tense suffix) Variants:
    -ta is added to most back vowel verbs
    -te is added to most front vowel verbs
    -tta is added to back vowel verbs ending in a vowel (, , ó, , , szí)
    -tte is added to front vowel verbs ending in a vowel (, nyű, sző)
    -otta is added to back vowel verbs ending in two consonants or a long vowel + t, or to monosyllables ending in -t (fut, nyit, except lát)
    -ette is added to unrounded front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or a long vowel + t, or to monosyllables ending in -t (vet)
    -ötte is added to rounded front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or a long vowel + t, or to monosyllables ending in -t (köt, süt, üt)

See also[edit]


Irish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-te

  1. slender form of -ta (plural suffix)
  2. slender form of -ta (past participle suffix)

Latin[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-te

  1. masculine vocative singular of -tus

Saterland Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian -te, -ithe, from Proto-Germanic *-iþō. More at -th.

Suffix[edit]

-te f

  1. Forms abstract nouns from verbs, adjectives, or other nouns; -th

Derived terms[edit]



Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish -de.

Suffix[edit]

-te

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun.
    'S crìochnaichte an sgeul.The story is finished.

Derived terms[edit]



Swedish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-te

  1. Variant of -de; suffix to create preterite tense of verbs if the stem ends in a unvoiced consonant (this form of the suffix is only applicable to verbs which ends in -er in present tense)